GENERIC NAME: Albuterol Sulfate
BRAND NAME: AccuNeb, Novo-Salmol, Proventil, Proventil HFA, Salbutamol, Ventodisk, Ventolin HFA
DRUG CLASSES: Beta2-selective Adrenergic Agonist, Bronchodilator, Antasthmatic
Pregnancy Category C
What Is Albuterol Sulfate?
Albuterol Sulfate or Albuterol is also known as Salbutamol. It is a drug that relaxes and dilates the bronchial passageway and improves the passages of air into the lungs. It is also used in treating hypertension or arrhythmia and decreases force and rate of heart contractions by blocking beta-adrenergic receptors of the automatic nervous system. Albuterol sulfate inhalers are particularly prescribed to those people with asthma and with utmost physical allergies. Albuterol may be ordained as a syrup (orally taken) or a tablet. This medication does not cure asthma or any diseases that cause breathing problems, but will only help prevent or calms any attacks.
Before Taking Albuterol
Be sure to consult your doctor if you have any sickness or illnesses. Let him know if you are allergic (more particularly in albuterol) or if you are taking any medications. You must tell your doctor beforehand if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or you are breast feeding.
Uses of Albuterol
Albuterol is used to prevent or to help calm breathing problems that caused by an asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Albuterol is classified with the drugs known as bronchodilators. It will help you control breathing problems and will lessen your lost time from work.
Dosage and Administration
For the medication of bronchospasm or for controlling of asthmatic symptoms, the most accurate dosage for adult and children aged 4 years and above will have inhalations twice repeated every 4 to 6 hours. However, some of the patients may be fulfilled enough by one inhalation every 4 hours. Each actuation of PROVENTIL® HFA Inhalation Aerosol delivers 108 mcg of albuterol sulfate (equivalent to 90 mcg of albuterol base) from the mouthpiece. Using a huge number of inhalations and more frequent medication is not suggested by a doctor.
The regular dosage that adults and children aged 4 years and above that should have is only two inhalations within 15-30 minutes before the exercise.
To keep the proper use of this product, it is really important to clean the mouthpiece by washing and drying it thoroughly leastways once a week. It is to avoid any medication blockage.
This medication will prevent or calms asthma attacks and it should be taken by mouth as instructed by your doctor. Use it 3 or 4 times a day with a dosage that based on your medical treatment (12 years old above should not take more than 32mg a day and children aged 6-12 years should not take more than 24mg a day) to avoid any serious side effects. Use Albuterol regularly and with the same time each day to get better benefits. Bear in mind that it is not good to use it in any sudden attacks. Always keep a quick-relief inhaler with you which the doctor prescribed you. Learn more about your medication by asking your doctor.
For more information, consult a doctor or a pharmacist regarding on your situation.
Side Effects of Taking Albuterol
The Albuterol Sulfate side effects are having a dry mouth, epistaxis, Cephalalgia, shaking, anxiousness, jitteriness, nausea, cough, muscle pain, irregular heart beat and throat irritation. Consult to the trusted doctor immediately if it happens that you experience these kinds of side effects.
What Should I Do If I Miss A Dose Of Albuterol?
If ever you miss to take a dose of Albuterol, avoid taking double dose to make up for it. It could be harmful to your health. If you miss a dose and it is almost time for the next one, just take the next dose and then keep going on to the original schedule.
What Will Happen If Someone Overdose On Albuterol?
Using the Albuterol with a large amount can be disastrous to a person. If someone is overdosing on Albuterol, he will show some symptoms like having a fast or irregular heartbeat, quivering, chest pain, a sudden occurrence of a disease, headache, dizziness and excessive fatigue. If by any chance you know someone with these signs, contact the Poison Control Center or 911 emergency services as soon as possible.
Contraindications / Precautions / Reproductive Safety
Albuterol may be harmful to those patients that are sensitive to it. A veterinary school once expressed their ideas about a similar drug called Terbutaline, is contraindicated in animals with a heart disease, specifically the dogs and cats when the cardiomyopathy or CHF exists at the moment. It should be carefully used in patients with cardiac disease (particularly with those who have concurred arrhythmias), hypertension, diabetes, seizure disorders or hyperthyroidism.
With a huge amount of dosage, Albuterol is teratogenic in the gnawing animals. Albuterol can be used at the time of pregnancy if only when the possible benefits will outbalance the risks. The same as the other beta agonists, it can cause detention to the pre-term labor after the given oral medication. It is still obscure whether the drug will affects the maternal milk.
Keeping Albuterol Safely
Secure your Albuterol in a closed container in a room with a moderate temperature. But there are also types of Albuterol that are needed to be stored in a refrigerator. Keep it away from direct sunlight or in a high temperature because it may cause an explosion. Check the other information behind the wrappings. Avoid butting or burning the Albuterol’s container. If the Albuteral Sulfate Inhaler has been moved from its place after two months, throw it immediately and safe. Consult your pharmacist regarding on how to discard the medication properly.