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Gynecomastia and Bodybuilding



It is true that an excessive intake of steroids may cause many side effects on our body. Among most important of them are considered a possible impotence and gynecomastia. In this article, we will stop our attention on the second one side effect, since the problem of impotence caused by steroids use is more far-fetched, and is used as a scarecrow for diminishing the steroids use. The same thing can not be said about the second side effect of steroids use- gynecomastia. It is a real danger, and have to be treated consequently.

Gynecomastia is called a benign increase of male breast glands. It is called benign because breast enlargement malignant nature is nothing more than breast cancer. However, breast cancer among men is quite rare, while gynecomastia is more common.  According to the World Health Organization report in varying degrees, this disease affects 30 to 50 percent of absolutely healthy men.

Have to be said that gynecomastia is a problem that has existed at all times, not just in the period of fascination with androgens and anabolic steroids. This disease can be identified quite simple, just with the naked eye, or by palpation of breast enlargement.

The size of this increase can be from 1 to 10 cm (average - about 4 cm). Externally, male breast enlargement looks like female small breasts. In most cases, the gynecomastia starts with itchy nipples, familiar to most of the male during the period of sexual maturation.

But it is not an absolute rule since there are many people who didn’t observe such exchange in their body. The moment when you detected the formation of seals though small sizes, even the size of a pea is the reason to get alarmed.

Gynecomastia Has Three Stages

Gynecomastia Has Three Stages:

a) Developing gynecomastia. This is the initial stage, and it lasts about 4 months. Interestingly, at this stage the process is reversible, that is, with adequate treatment, breast enlargement can return to its previous size.

b) Intermediate. This stage can last from four months to one year, in this period is the maturation of breast tissue. At this stage, it is also possible to reverse the development process, but it happens very rarely.

c) Fibrous. This stage is characterized by the appearance of the breast mature connective tissue as well as the deposition of fatty tissue around the glandular tissue. Regression of breast enlargement at this stage is not possible ever.

Must Read Our Article: What Can Be Done About Prolactin-Induced Gynecomastia During A Steroid Cycle

There are three main types of gynecomastia. Also, the second type is also divided into two types. The first type - only iron, this is a true gynecomastia. The entire volume of space in retro areolar to pectoral fascia presented glandular tissue with minimal presence of fat and connective tissue. Most often true gynecomastia is combined with hormonal and hereditary diseases.

The second type - iron and oil - mixed with a predominance of gynecomastia glandular component. In some cases, elements of the glandular tissue found near the pectoral muscle fascia. Always combined with the presence of fibrous process.

This type is the most interesting for us because very often it is caused by medication, including androgens and anabolic steroids. Another important thing is the fact that in case of this type of gynecomastia is possible the secretion of the breast through pressing on it.

As we said the second type of gynecomastia is divided into another two types. Since about first one we talked above, further, we will see the specifics of the second one. Fat and iron is a mixed type of gynecomastia with a predominance of the fat component. Usually, elements of glandular tissue are found, only retro areolar.

There is always a pronounced fibrotic process. The most common form of this is noted in cases when in adolescence had noted breast enlargement, but it was left later untreated. In many cases, this kind of gynecomastia is associated with ptosis of the nipple. Also, have to be noted that the secretion of the breast through pressure is not released.

The third type represents only fat, also called false gynecomastia. Such condition is caused by excessive accumulation of only fat in the breast and ptosis, the nipple-areola complex. False gynecomastia can almost always be seen in case of obese people.

What Causes Gynecomastia?

What Causes Gynecomastia?

As we mentioned above not only anabolic steroids are the cause of gynecomastia occurrence. use. So, it is absolutely normal to want to know about all factors that may trigger gynecomastia. Contrary to what we used to think one of the causes of gynecomastia may be just the low level of testosterone in the blood plasma.

Reduced levels of testosterone, or to be more precise - a change of attitude testosterone/estradiol in the blood plasma in favor of the last one is the cause of the so-called age of gynecomastia. That’s why those 30 -50 percent of healthy men affected by gynecomastia, as a rule, are older than 50 years.

In addition to this, transient gynecomastia occurs in infants and boys during puberty age 13-14 years.

As we said gynecomastia can be caused by the use of a large list of drugs. The most common and interesting in this list are:

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amphetamines, diazepam, methyldopa, reserpine, tricyclic antidepressants; ketoconazole, metronidazole (included in anti-dandruff shampoos, but the danger is only when administered); marijuana; Spironolactone (Aldactone) - a diuretic; Theophylline - bronchodilators; and, of course, androgens and anabolic steroids.

So, when it comes to androgenic steroids occur the question if all steroids cause gynecomastia?

The answer is absolutely not. But let’s talk first about why ASS cause this condition. As you know some AAS tend to flavor when they get transformed into one of the female sex hormones called estradiol. Not all anabolic steroids are prone to aromatization.

Moreover, those ones who do not aromatize form the majority. That’s why it is easier to list firstly those ones that are flavored. Here they are:

Chorionic gonadotropin

Further are listed safe of AAS, that are not responsible for gynecomastia occurrence:

-Drostanolone has anti-estrogenic activity.

As you see Oxymetholone and Trenbolone are not listed in none of these lists. Indeed, these drugs are not converted to estradiol. Instead, they have progestogenic activity, that is, mimic the action of the body of another female hormone called progesterone. Progesterone also contributes to plasma levels of another hormone which name is prolactin, and its raised level may contribute to the development of gynecomastia.

However, in case of Trenbolone progestogenic activity is not so significant, and in case of Oxymetholone, its sharply occurs if it is taken in very high doses, namely more than 300 mg per day. That’s why these two types of steroids-Trenbolone and Oxymetholone- can be easily classified as a conditionally safe type of AAS.

Nandrolone and Norethandrolone are other types of steroids that are hard to put into a category, and have to talk separately. Since the Nandrolone is more popular among people looking to get massive muscle mass, we will talk namely about it.

Nandrolone do not aromatizes in the classic pattern - it turns into estradiol without the aromatase enzyme. You have to know that  in human body almost all chemical processes take place with the direct participation of enzymes.

Must Read: Nandrolone Kills Blood Vessels Eleven Times Faster Than Testosterone

While the rating of aromatization of Nandrolone is very low, the progestogenic activity of this drug can not be qualified as being low as well. Moreover, it is high enough, that the risk of gynecomastia occurrence in case of Nandrolone use is not lower than in the case of drugs listed in “blacklist” .

Along with this have to be mentioned one very important advice. If you have chosen an AAS that may cause gynecomastia, try do not use along with it another one that have a side effect the occurrence of this condition too. Try do not combine drugs from the dangerous list. More wisely would be to combine a dangerous and a safely AAS.

Like in case of many diseases, there have to be some ways to struggle with them. You can get rid of gynecomastia, but the way you can do it hardly depends on the stage of development. The regression of gynecomastia is possible in the first  stage of development, and much less on the second one.

However, the first stage lasts around four months, and you have enough time to notice that something go wrong with your body. You notice the slow change of your breast status, then do the right conclusions and fight against gynecomastia.

Secondly, you must understand the causes of occurrence of gynecomastia. If you take anabolic steroids, then everything is more or less clear. But there are cases when you cease steroid cycle for a while already, and you begin to notice a sudden increase of your breast. In this case, you have to pay attention to what medications you are taking at the moment, and whether they can cause gynecomastia.

If it is proved that the medications are not the cause of this condition, then it’s time to do some verifications. First, check the level of endogenous testosterone and estradiol in the blood plasma, and the condition of the liver, kidney, and thyroid. Once you understand what are the causes, try to remove them.

In many cases, gynecomastia occurs as a result of anabolic steroids use, but its removal may not be possible because you want to move further towards bulking. In this case, try to replace drugs that have a high risk of gynecomastia with safe ones. If you have not avilable such drugs, try to add  to your diet antiestrogens preparates.

Usually, are used for such drugs as Clomid or Tamoxifen. In this case, there are many chances that muscle mass will not grow as quickly as before, but you have to do this sacrifice if want to avoid the unaesthetic look of your breasts.

If gynecomastia is caused by the sharp increase of estradiol level in the blood plasma, it have to be lowered. For this purpose  are indicated aromatase blockers such as Anastrozole, Letrozole, Exemestane. Ultimately, when no other method works, gynecomastia can be removed surgically.

This is quite a common plastic surgery, which may well hold in the plastic surgery clinic. It’s true that it is not a cheap one, but you have the chance to get rid of this disease. There are few chances that of gynecomastia recurrence, but it may happen.

Must Read: Trenbolone and Suppressed Estradiol Production

As you see, there are many ways to avoid gynecomastia and increase your muscle mass. For this use avoid dangerous steroids, and use the safest one. Al least try to combine them, and never use two steroids that have as a side effects gynecomastia. We have listed above steroids from both categories, so keep them in mind.

Also, it’s very important to start to fight against gynecomastia during the first stage, since there is no chance of the win if you get more advanced stages of gynecomastia development. Yes, adding antiestrogen drug to your diet can help you to maintain you muckle growth in slow temps, but with no chances to develop breast enlargement.



Chia Seeds in A Bodybuilder’s Diet: An Expert’s Advice




Chia seeds are a nutrient-dense food, offering protein, fiber, healthy fats, and various vitamins and minerals. While they're not a direct source of muscle-building protein like meat or eggs, they can complement a balanced diet by providing essential nutrients important for overall health, which indirectly supports muscle development when combined with a proper exercise routine. However, solely relying on chia seeds for building muscle mass might not be sufficient—you'd likely need a variety of protein sources along with a consistent workout regimen for optimal muscle growth.

The seeds have a fascinating history. They were a staple in the diets of the Aztecs and Mayans, who valued them for their energy-boosting properties. "Chia" even means "strength" in Mayan. They were used by ancient warriors as a source of sustainable energy. These tiny seeds gained modern popularity due to their nutritional value, high fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, and versatility in various dishes.

Growing Popularity

Chia seeds are popular among bodybuilders due to their high protein and omega-3 fatty acid content. They provide a good source of nutrients, help in muscle repair, and offer sustained energy throughout workouts. Additionally, their high fiber content can aid in digestion and help manage hunger, which can be beneficial for those trying to maintain a specific diet while building muscle.

Where to Buy Chia Seeds for Your Bodybuilding Diet

These are commonly available in various grocery stores, health food stores, and even online marketplaces like Amazon or specialty health websites. You can check your local supermarkets, health food stores, or browse online to purchase chia seeds for your bodybuilding diet. Many health-focused stores offer bulk options, which can be more cost-effective if you plan to use them regularly in your diet.

You can also try purchasing the seeds from popular online retailers like Walmart, or health food stores such as Whole Foods Market, Thrive Market, or Vitacost. There are also specialty health stores like iHerb or The Vitamin Shoppe that carry chia seeds.

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These magical seeds can be quite versatile in the kitchen! Here are a few methods you can try:

After cooking it, you can serve them in various ways. You might consider adding them to yogurt, smoothies, oatmeal, or salads for an added nutritional boost. You can also use them in baking as an egg substitute or make a chia pudding by mixing them with your choice of liquid (like almond milk) and allowing them to gel.

What A bodybuilder Gets From the Magical Seeds

Rich in Protein

Chia seeds are a great source of plant-based protein, containing roughly 4.7 grams of protein per ounce. For bodybuilders, their protein content is beneficial for muscle repair and growth.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

They are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, particularly alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). These healthy fats support heart health, reduce inflammation, and aid in muscle recovery, all beneficial for bodybuilders. The omega-3s in chia seeds can also help maintain joint health, enhance stamina, and assist in managing weight. Integrating chia seeds into a balanced diet can contribute to overall well-being and support a bodybuilder's goals.

Fiber Content

They contain a high amount of soluble and insoluble fiber, with about 10 grams of fiber in a 1-ounce (28-gram) serving.

Helps with digestion and promotes a feeling of fullness, aiding in weight management.


The seeds contain antioxidants like flavonoids and phenolic compounds that help combat oxidative stress in the body, potentially reducing the risk of chronic diseases. These antioxidants can help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. Including chia seeds in your diet can contribute to overall health and well-being due to their antioxidant properties. Fight off free radicals that can damage cells post-workout with these magical seeds.


They contain calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and manganese, contributing to bone health, energy metabolism, and antioxidant activity. These minerals support various bodily functions, from maintaining strong bones to aiding muscle function and energy production.


When soaked, they form a gel that retains water, aiding in maintaining hydration during workouts.

What Are The Disadvantages of Overconsuming Chia Seeds

Chia seeds can be beneficial for bodybuilders due to their nutrient content, but overconsumption might cause gastrointestinal issues or interfere with hydration.

They're high in fiber, so eating too many could cause digestive problems like bloating or diarrhea. Plus, their omega-3 fatty acids might interact with certain medications or cause allergic reactions in some people. Moderation is key!


In summary, Chia seeds are a powerhouse for bodybuilders! They offer a high protein content, essential for muscle repair and growth. Additionally, they're packed with omega-3 fatty acids for reducing inflammation and providing sustained energy during workouts. Their fiber content aids in digestion and helps maintain a steady release of energy. Plus, their versatility allows for easy incorporation into shakes, smoothies, or as a topping for meals, making them a convenient addition to a bodybuilder's diet.

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Cold Immersion Therapy for Recovery




Ice immersion therapy, also known as cold immersion or cryotherapy, is a recovery technique that some bodybuilders use to reduce muscle soreness and inflammation after intense workouts.

Types of Cold Immersion Therapy

Ice immersion techniques can benefit bodybuilders as they may help reduce inflammation, promote recovery, and improve overall muscle performance. Here are some types of brutal immersion methods suitable for bodybuilders:
1. Cold Water Baths: Submerging yourself in a cold water bath or an ice bath can help reduce muscle soreness and inflammation after intense workouts. Water temperatures typically range from 50°F (10°C) to 59°F (15°C).
2. Cryotherapy Chambers: Cryotherapy involves standing in a cryotherapy chamber briefly while being exposed to frigid temperatures, often around -220°F (-140°C). This can rapidly reduce muscle soreness and improve recovery.
3. Cold Showers: Cold showers are a more accessible and convenient option for bodybuilders. You can alternate between hot and cold water during your shower or finish with a brief blast of cold water to help with muscle recovery.
4. Contrast Baths: Contrast baths involve alternating between hot and cold water immersion. This can enhance circulation, reduce muscle soreness, and promote recovery. For bodybuilders, it's essential to focus on the complex phase.
5. Ice Packs or Ice Massage: Ice packs or massages on specific muscle groups can help target sore areas. This can be particularly useful for localised muscle soreness and injuries.
6. Localized Cryotherapy: Some facilities offer localised cryotherapy using devices that deliver frigid temperatures to specific muscle groups, which can help reduce inflammation and soreness in targeted areas.

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Cold Immersion Procedure

Here's an essential procedure for ice immersion therapy:
1. Prepare the equipment:
◦ Fill a bathtub or container with cold water. The temperature can vary, but it's typically between 50°F (10°C) and 59°F (15°C). You can use ice or cold water from the tap.
◦ Have a timer or stopwatch ready to monitor the duration of the immersion.
2. Dress appropriately:
◦ Wear minimal clothing to ensure direct contact between your skin and the cold water. Swimsuits or shorts are often suitable.
3. Pre-immersion activities:
◦ Consider light physical activity or stretching to warm your muscles and increase blood flow. This can help prevent shock when you enter the cold water.
4. Immersion:
◦ Slowly enter the cold water, starting with your feet and gradually submerging your entire body. Try to relax and control your breathing.
5. Immersion duration:
◦ The optimal duration can vary, but common recommendations range from 10 seconds to 20 minutes. Beginners should start with shorter durations and gradually increase as they become accustomed to the cold.
6. Monitor your body:
◦ Pay attention to your body's response. Shivering is a normal reaction to the cold, but if you experience severe discomfort or any signs of hypothermia (extreme shivering, confusion, or numbness), exit the water immediately.
7. After immersion:
When the immersion time is up, slowly exit the cold water. Dry off and warm up using towels, warm clothing, or a blanket. Some people find it beneficial to engage in light exercise or stretching after ice immersion.

What You Need for An Ice Immersion

Cold immersion, such as cold water swimming or ice baths, requires some equipment to ensure safety and comfort. Here are some essential items:
1. Wetsuit or Drysuit: A good-quality wetsuit or drysuit is essential to keep your body insulated in cold water.
2. Neoprene Boots and Gloves: These help keep your extremities warm and protected.
3. Swim Cap: A neoprene swim cap can help keep your head warm and reduce heat loss.
4. Thermometer: A water thermometer can help you monitor water temperature and ensure it's safe for your cold immersion.
5. Safety Equipment: In case of emergencies, it's a good idea to have a safety float or buoy, as well as someone watching over you.
6. Warm Clothing: Have warm, dry clothes ready after cold immersion to avoid post-immersion cooling.
7. Timer or Watch: To keep track of your immersion time, as prolonged exposure to cold water can be dangerous.
8. Medical Kit: Just in case, it's wise to have a basic first aid kit nearby.

How Bodybuilders Gain from Cold Immersion Therapy

Cold water immersion therapy, such as ice baths or cold water immersion, can offer several potential benefits to bodybuilders:
Reduced Muscle Inflammation: Cold immersion can help reduce muscle inflammation and soreness, potentially speeding up recovery after intense workouts.

Improved Circulation

Cold exposure can promote blood vessel constriction and dilation, enhancing muscle circulation and nutrient delivery.

Enhanced Recovery

Cold therapy may help bodybuilders recover faster between training sessions, allowing for more frequent and productive workouts.

Pain Relief

Ice immersion can temporarily relieve muscle aches and joint discomfort associated with intense training.

Enhanced Endurance

Some athletes use cold therapy to improve endurance and tolerance to cold, which can be advantageous in certain sports.

Mental Toughness

Regular exposure to cold can help build mental resilience and discipline, which can be valuable for maintaining a consistent training regimen.

Caution During Cold Immersion

Cold immersion, such as cold or ice baths, can have potential risks and should be done cautiously. Here are some important considerations:

Gradual Exposure

Start with shorter periods of immersion and gradually increase the time to allow your body to adapt to the cold.

Monitor Temperature

Ensure the water temperature is not dangerously cold. Icy water can lead to hypothermia.

Know Your Limits

Pay attention to your body's signals. If you start shivering uncontrollably or feel intense discomfort, it's time to exit the cold water.


If possible, have someone present to assist you or call for help if needed.

Pre-existing Conditions

If you have any medical conditions or are taking medication, consult a healthcare professional before attempting cold immersion.

Warm-Up and Warm Clothing

Warm up before immersing in cold water, and have warm clothing and blankets ready after the immersion.

Hydration and Nutrition

Ensure you're well-hydrated and have eaten appropriately before attempting cold immersion.

Safety Precautions

Be cautious of slippery surfaces around the immersion area to prevent accidents.

Alternatives to cold water immersion

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Options for cold water immersion for various purposes can include:

Cold Compress

Applying a cold compress or ice pack to specific body areas for short durations can help reduce inflammation and relieve pain without submerging the entire body in cold water.

Contrast Bath

Alternating between hot and cold water immersion, typically in separate containers or using hot and cold packs, can be used for muscle recovery and circulation improvement.


Whole-body cryotherapy involves standing in a chamber with frigid air for a short time, which can provide some of the benefits of cold water immersion.

Cold Showers

Taking cold showers can help improve alertness, boost circulation, and increase tolerance to cold, though it's less intense than full-body immersion.

Ice Baths

Similar to cold water immersion but focused on specific areas, such as submerging your legs in an ice bath for muscle recovery.

Cooling Clothing

Specialized clothing with cooling properties can help regulate body temperature and provide a milder alternative to full-body cold immersion.

Cold Packs or Gel Wraps

Use cold packs or gel wraps on sore or inflamed body parts for localised relief.

Is There A Specific Time for Cold Baths?

The best time for ice immersion therapy, such as cold showers or ice baths, can vary depending on your goals and personal preferences. Some people prefer it in the morning to help wake up and boost alertness, while others find it more relaxing in the evening to unwind and improve sleep quality.

Ultimately, it's a matter of what works best for you and your schedule. Just be cautious not to do it right before bedtime if it makes it difficult to fall asleep, as the body needs time to warm up and return to a comfortable temperature afterwards.


In summary, cold water immersion can be a valuable tool for bodybuilders when used judiciously, primarily for reducing muscle soreness and aiding recovery. However, it should be integrated into their training regimen with care and consideration of calledferences and needs.

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Calisthenics: Secret to Building A Better Upper and Middle Body




Calisthenics exercises involve using your body weight as resistance to build muscle and strength. These workouts are an effective way to develop lean muscle mass and improve overall fitness. The exercises can include push-ups, pull-ups, squats, and planks, which target different muscle groups. By consistently incorporating calisthenics into your fitness routine, you can achieve muscle growth and improved definition. This can be further enhanced by pairing your workouts with a proper diet and gradually increasing the difficulty of exercises through progressive overload.

Calisthenics exercises are suitable for people of all fitness levels and ages, intending to improve strength, flexibility, and endurance. Basic movements are recommended for beginners, while more advanced practitioners can engage in complex routines. It is vital to adjust the exercises to your fitness level and seek advice from a healthcare professional if you have any underlying medical conditions or concerns before starting a calisthenics program.

What Gains One Expect from Calisthenics

Calisthenics can be valuable in bodybuilding for several reasons:

Muscular Endurance

Alternatives to Calisthenics Exercises

There are many alternative exercises to calisthenics. Some options include:

Get Yourself A Good Coach to Help With Calisthenics


To conclude, professional bodybuilders need to integrate calisthenics thoughtfully into their training, focusing on exercises that complement their goals and existing routines. Consulting with a fitness professional can help create a customized plan.

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