Connect with us


Split Training System



)Split Training System is a popular training system used by bodybuilders to gain muscle mass and strength. It involves splitting the body into different parts and focusing on one part at a time. This allows the bodybuilder to focus on specific muscles while also allowing them to rest other muscles in between workouts.

Benefits of the Split Training System

Split Training System is especially beneficial for those looking to increase their strength or size quickly, as it allows them to target each muscle group more intensely than traditional training systems. Additionally, this system can help prevent injuries and maximize results by allowing for more targeted workouts.

Split Training System has several advantages building strength and muscle mass, preventing injuries, and maximizing results. The disadvantages of this training system are that it can be more challenging to recover from intense workouts and isn’t as effective for those looking to increase flexibility or endurance.

Why  the System Was Introduced

Joe Weider first developed the Split Training System in the 1950s. They wanted to create an effective way for bodybuilders to train their muscles efficiently. Since then, the system has been adapted and refined by various trainers, resulting in the system we know today.

The Split Training System is now used by bodybuilders worldwide and is considered one of the most effective ways to build muscle mass quickly and safely.

In recent years, the training system has been adapted by powerlifters who have found that it can be modified to work well for them. CrossFit athletes have also adopted the approach, who believe it is a good base for their training. Let us discuss some key concepts in the Split Training System and how they may apply to powerlifting.

Lower Body Vs. Upper Body Workouts

The Difference Between Lower-Body and Upper-Body WorkoutsAs mentioned above, a critical aspect of using a split training system is identifying which muscles should be targeted in each workout. Essentially, there are 2 "categories" of muscles based on the anatomical region.

The lower body and the upper body. Since powerlifting primarily targets the muscles in the upper body, a split training system is not necessarily applicable to this sport.

The lower body consists of the legs, hips, and buttocks muscles.SquatDeadliftBench PressMilitary pressClose grip bench press/dumbbell shoulder pressHack squat /back squatSplit by training system: Body-part splitPowerlifting-style splitHigh volume/high-intensity split.

The Need to Train All Muscle Groups

The split training system came when bodybuilders stopped training all muscle groups in one training day and began to work out individual muscle groups on different training days. Initially, the split system implies two workouts per muscle group for one week, with a 4-day, 5-day, or 6-day training cycle.

In other words, each muscle group worked two times a week, and the number of workouts per week was 4, 5, or 6. Here, the separation of muscle groups to work out different training days could be made with many options and policies.

In the most basic version of the split system, muscle groups should split into two parts and train four times a week. The recommended version of the workouts during the week were the following days: Monday-Thursday and Tuesday-Friday.

Large muscle groups trained two times a week, and the small group of muscles (stomach, calves, forearms) could even be worked through each workout, namely 4 times a week. Separation of muscle groups in the split system is usually done on a "push-pull" principle.

For Example

- "Push" is about the groups that perform traction movement, such as back, biceps;
- “Pull” is about the group of muscles, which are the basic movements of the presses, such as chest, delts, and triceps.

The approximate separation of muscle groups in the 4-day cycle for the average level of fitness was as follows:

Scenario 1

-Monday-Thursday working on stomach, breast, delta, triceps, forearms, and eggs;
-Tuesday-Friday working on belly, legs, back, biceps, forearms, and calves.

Scenario 2

The separation could also be done on a "trunk limb":
-Monday-Thursday working on abdomen, chest, delta, back, and calves;
-Tuesday-Thursday working on stomach, legs, arms, and calves.

Scenario 3

Separation of muscle groups according to the split system can also be done freely,  like this:
-Monday-Thursday -stomach, legs, lower back, chest, biceps, forearms, eggs.
-Tuesday-Friday-Stomach, lats, delts and trapezius muscles, triceps, forearms.

Scenario 4

The next step, confined to well-trained bodybuilders, was the program split into a five-day cycle, from Monday to Friday. As in the 4-day split, all the muscles were divided into two parts.

Each half trained on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday one week and Tuesday and Thursday next week. Thus, every major muscle group is trained five times for two weeks.

The five-day split is used mainly in a pre-competitive period for well-trained bodybuilders with at least two years of training experience.

For the best-trained bodybuilders, but only in the precompetitive period, it could also be used 6-day split. There were two versions of the 6-day split. The first is when every major muscle group is trained two times a week, and the second is about the situation when each group is trained three times a week. The second option was used only for a few weeks before the competition.

The body was divided into three parts for a less intensive six-day cycle.

For Example:

-Monday-Thursday- abdomen, chest, upper back, and calves;
-Tuesday-Friday-stomach, legs, lower back, and upper arm;
-Wednesday-Saturday- calves, biceps, triceps, and forearm;

Gradually, as a middle ground between the 5-day and 6-day cycles appear, a new, viral 4-day process, in which the body is divided into three parts, each being trained consistently for three days, and on day 4 is a break. Then the whole cycle repeats.

Many top bodybuilders used this cycle in the preparatory period, as it allows for better recovery between workouts for each muscle group, compared with a 5-day and 6-day Split.

4-Day Cycle Training

Separation of muscle groups during training in the new 4-day cycle would look like this:

a) On the first day -work the stomach, legs, biceps, and calves;
b) On the second day- work on calves, chest, delta, and abdomen;
c) On the third day, work the core, back, triceps, and forearms;
d) And the last, fourth day is the time for resting.

As you can see, the next step in the development of the split system is a 4-day cycle, or as it is called, three plus one cycles.

Drawbacks of Split Training System in Bodybuilding

Split Training System in bodybuilding is a famous workout routine amongst bodybuilders. It involves splitting the body into muscle groups and training each group on separate days. However, this system also has its drawbacks.

It can be time-consuming and may not be suitable for those who have limited time to work out or are beginners in bodybuilding. Furthermore, it can lead to overtraining of certain muscle groups while neglecting others which can cause imbalances in the body and potential injury.

So, what is a healthy amount of training? In general, the experts say that to reap 100% of the benefits of physical activity, you need to exercise at least 4-5 times per week. More flexibility in how often you can partake in physical activity will come with experience and your workload. If you want to stay healthy and exercise regularly, do not overdo it. Follow your body's natural rhythm for a healthy balance.

If you have an injury, know when to stop exercising. A common mistake people make is continuing to exercise with an injury that could worsen over time. This is dangerous and discouraging because it feels like the pain will never go away.

Be patient, and know your limits and your body's needs. If an injury worsens despite rest, consult a trainer or doctor for more information on proper treatment and care. Many other factors can affect your health, but these three tips are important for overall wellness and physical activity.


Split training is an effective way for bodybuilders to reach their goals. It allows them to focus on specific muscle groups and tailor their workouts to meet their needs. Split training also helps bodybuilders avoid overtraining, which can lead to injury and fatigue.

Additionally, split training can help bodybuilders build muscle faster and more efficiently than traditional full-body workouts.

By focusing on one muscle group at a time, bodybuilders can target the areas they want to work on without wasting energy or time on muscles that are already well-developed.

Split training is essential for any serious bodybuilder looking to achieve their goals quickly and safely. It allows you to use the best exercises for each muscle group in a way that works well with your body.

Bodybuilding is a structured, demanding sport that requires intense effort and consistency over long periods. It's important to note that you have little chance of success without training smart, including experimenting with different training split patterns.

Check out Our Training Program:: 18 Week Chin Up & Dip Program for An Impressive Upper Body


Chia Seeds in A Bodybuilder’s Diet: An Expert’s Advice




Chia seeds are a nutrient-dense food, offering protein, fiber, healthy fats, and various vitamins and minerals. While they're not a direct source of muscle-building protein like meat or eggs, they can complement a balanced diet by providing essential nutrients important for overall health, which indirectly supports muscle development when combined with a proper exercise routine. However, solely relying on chia seeds for building muscle mass might not be sufficient—you'd likely need a variety of protein sources along with a consistent workout regimen for optimal muscle growth.

The seeds have a fascinating history. They were a staple in the diets of the Aztecs and Mayans, who valued them for their energy-boosting properties. "Chia" even means "strength" in Mayan. They were used by ancient warriors as a source of sustainable energy. These tiny seeds gained modern popularity due to their nutritional value, high fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, and versatility in various dishes.

Growing Popularity

Chia seeds are popular among bodybuilders due to their high protein and omega-3 fatty acid content. They provide a good source of nutrients, help in muscle repair, and offer sustained energy throughout workouts. Additionally, their high fiber content can aid in digestion and help manage hunger, which can be beneficial for those trying to maintain a specific diet while building muscle.

Where to Buy Chia Seeds for Your Bodybuilding Diet

These are commonly available in various grocery stores, health food stores, and even online marketplaces like Amazon or specialty health websites. You can check your local supermarkets, health food stores, or browse online to purchase chia seeds for your bodybuilding diet. Many health-focused stores offer bulk options, which can be more cost-effective if you plan to use them regularly in your diet.

You can also try purchasing the seeds from popular online retailers like Walmart, or health food stores such as Whole Foods Market, Thrive Market, or Vitacost. There are also specialty health stores like iHerb or The Vitamin Shoppe that carry chia seeds.

Related Article: A New Caffeine? What You Need to Know about Teacrine


These magical seeds can be quite versatile in the kitchen! Here are a few methods you can try:

After cooking it, you can serve them in various ways. You might consider adding them to yogurt, smoothies, oatmeal, or salads for an added nutritional boost. You can also use them in baking as an egg substitute or make a chia pudding by mixing them with your choice of liquid (like almond milk) and allowing them to gel.

What A bodybuilder Gets From the Magical Seeds

Rich in Protein

Chia seeds are a great source of plant-based protein, containing roughly 4.7 grams of protein per ounce. For bodybuilders, their protein content is beneficial for muscle repair and growth.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

They are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, particularly alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). These healthy fats support heart health, reduce inflammation, and aid in muscle recovery, all beneficial for bodybuilders. The omega-3s in chia seeds can also help maintain joint health, enhance stamina, and assist in managing weight. Integrating chia seeds into a balanced diet can contribute to overall well-being and support a bodybuilder's goals.

Fiber Content

They contain a high amount of soluble and insoluble fiber, with about 10 grams of fiber in a 1-ounce (28-gram) serving.

Helps with digestion and promotes a feeling of fullness, aiding in weight management.


The seeds contain antioxidants like flavonoids and phenolic compounds that help combat oxidative stress in the body, potentially reducing the risk of chronic diseases. These antioxidants can help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. Including chia seeds in your diet can contribute to overall health and well-being due to their antioxidant properties. Fight off free radicals that can damage cells post-workout with these magical seeds.


They contain calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and manganese, contributing to bone health, energy metabolism, and antioxidant activity. These minerals support various bodily functions, from maintaining strong bones to aiding muscle function and energy production.


When soaked, they form a gel that retains water, aiding in maintaining hydration during workouts.

What Are The Disadvantages of Overconsuming Chia Seeds

Chia seeds can be beneficial for bodybuilders due to their nutrient content, but overconsumption might cause gastrointestinal issues or interfere with hydration.

They're high in fiber, so eating too many could cause digestive problems like bloating or diarrhea. Plus, their omega-3 fatty acids might interact with certain medications or cause allergic reactions in some people. Moderation is key!


In summary, Chia seeds are a powerhouse for bodybuilders! They offer a high protein content, essential for muscle repair and growth. Additionally, they're packed with omega-3 fatty acids for reducing inflammation and providing sustained energy during workouts. Their fiber content aids in digestion and helps maintain a steady release of energy. Plus, their versatility allows for easy incorporation into shakes, smoothies, or as a topping for meals, making them a convenient addition to a bodybuilder's diet.

Don't Miss: 10-Week Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) Plan

Continue Reading


Cold Immersion Therapy for Recovery




Ice immersion therapy, also known as cold immersion or cryotherapy, is a recovery technique that some bodybuilders use to reduce muscle soreness and inflammation after intense workouts.

Types of Cold Immersion Therapy

Ice immersion techniques can benefit bodybuilders as they may help reduce inflammation, promote recovery, and improve overall muscle performance. Here are some types of brutal immersion methods suitable for bodybuilders:
1. Cold Water Baths: Submerging yourself in a cold water bath or an ice bath can help reduce muscle soreness and inflammation after intense workouts. Water temperatures typically range from 50°F (10°C) to 59°F (15°C).
2. Cryotherapy Chambers: Cryotherapy involves standing in a cryotherapy chamber briefly while being exposed to frigid temperatures, often around -220°F (-140°C). This can rapidly reduce muscle soreness and improve recovery.
3. Cold Showers: Cold showers are a more accessible and convenient option for bodybuilders. You can alternate between hot and cold water during your shower or finish with a brief blast of cold water to help with muscle recovery.
4. Contrast Baths: Contrast baths involve alternating between hot and cold water immersion. This can enhance circulation, reduce muscle soreness, and promote recovery. For bodybuilders, it's essential to focus on the complex phase.
5. Ice Packs or Ice Massage: Ice packs or massages on specific muscle groups can help target sore areas. This can be particularly useful for localised muscle soreness and injuries.
6. Localized Cryotherapy: Some facilities offer localised cryotherapy using devices that deliver frigid temperatures to specific muscle groups, which can help reduce inflammation and soreness in targeted areas.

Check Out: Universities with Best Gyms In the U.S

Cold Immersion Procedure

Here's an essential procedure for ice immersion therapy:
1. Prepare the equipment:
◦ Fill a bathtub or container with cold water. The temperature can vary, but it's typically between 50°F (10°C) and 59°F (15°C). You can use ice or cold water from the tap.
◦ Have a timer or stopwatch ready to monitor the duration of the immersion.
2. Dress appropriately:
◦ Wear minimal clothing to ensure direct contact between your skin and the cold water. Swimsuits or shorts are often suitable.
3. Pre-immersion activities:
◦ Consider light physical activity or stretching to warm your muscles and increase blood flow. This can help prevent shock when you enter the cold water.
4. Immersion:
◦ Slowly enter the cold water, starting with your feet and gradually submerging your entire body. Try to relax and control your breathing.
5. Immersion duration:
◦ The optimal duration can vary, but common recommendations range from 10 seconds to 20 minutes. Beginners should start with shorter durations and gradually increase as they become accustomed to the cold.
6. Monitor your body:
◦ Pay attention to your body's response. Shivering is a normal reaction to the cold, but if you experience severe discomfort or any signs of hypothermia (extreme shivering, confusion, or numbness), exit the water immediately.
7. After immersion:
When the immersion time is up, slowly exit the cold water. Dry off and warm up using towels, warm clothing, or a blanket. Some people find it beneficial to engage in light exercise or stretching after ice immersion.

What You Need for An Ice Immersion

Cold immersion, such as cold water swimming or ice baths, requires some equipment to ensure safety and comfort. Here are some essential items:
1. Wetsuit or Drysuit: A good-quality wetsuit or drysuit is essential to keep your body insulated in cold water.
2. Neoprene Boots and Gloves: These help keep your extremities warm and protected.
3. Swim Cap: A neoprene swim cap can help keep your head warm and reduce heat loss.
4. Thermometer: A water thermometer can help you monitor water temperature and ensure it's safe for your cold immersion.
5. Safety Equipment: In case of emergencies, it's a good idea to have a safety float or buoy, as well as someone watching over you.
6. Warm Clothing: Have warm, dry clothes ready after cold immersion to avoid post-immersion cooling.
7. Timer or Watch: To keep track of your immersion time, as prolonged exposure to cold water can be dangerous.
8. Medical Kit: Just in case, it's wise to have a basic first aid kit nearby.

How Bodybuilders Gain from Cold Immersion Therapy

Cold water immersion therapy, such as ice baths or cold water immersion, can offer several potential benefits to bodybuilders:
Reduced Muscle Inflammation: Cold immersion can help reduce muscle inflammation and soreness, potentially speeding up recovery after intense workouts.

Improved Circulation

Cold exposure can promote blood vessel constriction and dilation, enhancing muscle circulation and nutrient delivery.

Enhanced Recovery

Cold therapy may help bodybuilders recover faster between training sessions, allowing for more frequent and productive workouts.

Pain Relief

Ice immersion can temporarily relieve muscle aches and joint discomfort associated with intense training.

Enhanced Endurance

Some athletes use cold therapy to improve endurance and tolerance to cold, which can be advantageous in certain sports.

Mental Toughness

Regular exposure to cold can help build mental resilience and discipline, which can be valuable for maintaining a consistent training regimen.

Caution During Cold Immersion

Cold immersion, such as cold or ice baths, can have potential risks and should be done cautiously. Here are some important considerations:

Gradual Exposure

Start with shorter periods of immersion and gradually increase the time to allow your body to adapt to the cold.

Monitor Temperature

Ensure the water temperature is not dangerously cold. Icy water can lead to hypothermia.

Know Your Limits

Pay attention to your body's signals. If you start shivering uncontrollably or feel intense discomfort, it's time to exit the cold water.


If possible, have someone present to assist you or call for help if needed.

Pre-existing Conditions

If you have any medical conditions or are taking medication, consult a healthcare professional before attempting cold immersion.

Warm-Up and Warm Clothing

Warm up before immersing in cold water, and have warm clothing and blankets ready after the immersion.

Hydration and Nutrition

Ensure you're well-hydrated and have eaten appropriately before attempting cold immersion.

Safety Precautions

Be cautious of slippery surfaces around the immersion area to prevent accidents.

Alternatives to cold water immersion

Must Read: Why an Experienced Lifter Must Use A Coach?

Options for cold water immersion for various purposes can include:

Cold Compress

Applying a cold compress or ice pack to specific body areas for short durations can help reduce inflammation and relieve pain without submerging the entire body in cold water.

Contrast Bath

Alternating between hot and cold water immersion, typically in separate containers or using hot and cold packs, can be used for muscle recovery and circulation improvement.


Whole-body cryotherapy involves standing in a chamber with frigid air for a short time, which can provide some of the benefits of cold water immersion.

Cold Showers

Taking cold showers can help improve alertness, boost circulation, and increase tolerance to cold, though it's less intense than full-body immersion.

Ice Baths

Similar to cold water immersion but focused on specific areas, such as submerging your legs in an ice bath for muscle recovery.

Cooling Clothing

Specialized clothing with cooling properties can help regulate body temperature and provide a milder alternative to full-body cold immersion.

Cold Packs or Gel Wraps

Use cold packs or gel wraps on sore or inflamed body parts for localised relief.

Is There A Specific Time for Cold Baths?

The best time for ice immersion therapy, such as cold showers or ice baths, can vary depending on your goals and personal preferences. Some people prefer it in the morning to help wake up and boost alertness, while others find it more relaxing in the evening to unwind and improve sleep quality.

Ultimately, it's a matter of what works best for you and your schedule. Just be cautious not to do it right before bedtime if it makes it difficult to fall asleep, as the body needs time to warm up and return to a comfortable temperature afterwards.


In summary, cold water immersion can be a valuable tool for bodybuilders when used judiciously, primarily for reducing muscle soreness and aiding recovery. However, it should be integrated into their training regimen with care and consideration of calledferences and needs.

Related Article: ChatGPT and Other Avenues to Find Great Bodybuilding Coaches

Continue Reading


Calisthenics: Secret to Building A Better Upper and Middle Body




Calisthenics exercises involve using your body weight as resistance to build muscle and strength. These workouts are an effective way to develop lean muscle mass and improve overall fitness. The exercises can include push-ups, pull-ups, squats, and planks, which target different muscle groups. By consistently incorporating calisthenics into your fitness routine, you can achieve muscle growth and improved definition. This can be further enhanced by pairing your workouts with a proper diet and gradually increasing the difficulty of exercises through progressive overload.

Calisthenics exercises are suitable for people of all fitness levels and ages, intending to improve strength, flexibility, and endurance. Basic movements are recommended for beginners, while more advanced practitioners can engage in complex routines. It is vital to adjust the exercises to your fitness level and seek advice from a healthcare professional if you have any underlying medical conditions or concerns before starting a calisthenics program.

What Gains One Expect from Calisthenics

Calisthenics can be valuable in bodybuilding for several reasons:

Muscular Endurance

Alternatives to Calisthenics Exercises

There are many alternative exercises to calisthenics. Some options include:

Get Yourself A Good Coach to Help With Calisthenics


To conclude, professional bodybuilders need to integrate calisthenics thoughtfully into their training, focusing on exercises that complement their goals and existing routines. Consulting with a fitness professional can help create a customized plan.

Continue Reading
Advertisement CB_EN_250x300_USABanner_Bulking1

Trending Posts