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What is EPO and Blood Doping in Cycling and Endurance Sports?



             Sporting activities such as cycling and endurance sports require energy for better performance. The amount of red blood cells and the oxygen determines athletic performance. On this note, many athletes, sportsmen, and women are taking hard drugs to boost oxygen and red blood cell production in their body. But the problem is that most of the substances available for athletes have strenuous health risks, which made them not suitable for anyone. The truth is that most of the hard drugs used by athletes to cheat in the game are banned. In this article, you will learn about EPO and blood doping in cycling and endurance sports. So, take time to read to the end of this article to get comprehensive information about the effect of Blood Doping and EPO in Cycling and Endurance sports.

MUST READ: What Impact Have Anabolic Steroids Taken On Your Heart and Blood Cells?

          Before we can proceed to explain more about the effects of blood doping in endurance sports and cycling, it is necessary to educate you more about the meaning of doping and EPO. Blood doping is not a new topic in the athletic and sports world. It is an unlawful or prohibited method of enhancing athletic performance through the use of synthetic blood-boosting methods. It is a synthetic or artificial way of boosting the ability of the body to allow the channel more oxygen to the muscles. The reason is to enhance the endurance and performance of the athletes in the long-running distance, cycling, and more.

The effects of blood doping

       The effects of blood doping are mostly required when there is shortage of hemoglobin in the bloodstream.  The hemoglobin that gives the blood its color the people know. It is responsible for oxygenating the blood of the vertebrates. The red proteins come in four different unique with each unite containing an iron atom that is held together by a group known as haem. Also, the hemoglobin is a unique protein responsible for carrying oxygen to the bloodstream of the vertebrates.

         Therefore, an increase in hemoglobin through blood doping can increase the amount of oxygen required in the body to fuel athlete muscles for higher performance.  With blood doping, there can be an increase in stamina and endurance for cycling and other sports requiring long-distance events. So, it is not only used by cycling but other endurance sports like running, weight lifting, and others. Many sports organizations, such as the Olympic Committee have banned blood doping, which made it illegal for the athletes to go for any blood doping drugs. But, will explain more about the EPO in this article.

Related Article: Best Places to Order Blood Tests Online in the USA

Types of Blood Doping You Need To Know

There are three major types of blood doping you need to know as an athlete.  The types are:

  1. Erythropoietin (EPO) injections.
  2. Blood transfusions.
  3. Injections of the artificial oxygen carriers.

The EPO Injections For Blood Doping

        Erythropoietin (EPO) is a natural hormone produced in the body of the kidney. The essence of this hormone is to regulate red blood cell production to enhance its capacity aerobically. Clinically, the EPO injection is done to trigger red blood cell production for the treatment of different health issues related to the blood. So, it is used to treat an anemic patient and patients with a related chronic illness like the last stage of the kidney disease.


          The use of the EPO by the athletes is to stimulate the body and increase the production of red blood cells in a higher amount than normal. The goal is to boost performance for sporting activities. The increase in the production of red blood cells above normal can result in blood clotting and thickening. Resulting in chronic health issues like stroke and other related health issues. So, before you take the EPO injection into your body to increase the production of red blood cells and boost performance in sports. You should take time to consider the health risk associated with it. There are some long term risks associated with it, which made it necessary for people to be wary of injecting the drug into their bloodstream.

The Truth about Blood Doping Through Blood Transfusions

           Blood transfusion is a practice in the medical field. It is used when there is a need to replace blood lost through surgery or injury. More so, transfusions are necessary when there is a need for replacement of blood to patients whose red blood count is low as a result of kidney failure, anemia, or other medical treatments or conditions.

Must Read:: Donating Blood While On Steroids

           On the other hand, the illicit transfusions of blood are carried out to boost performance in sportsmen and women. The popular blood transfusions in the athletes are of two types, including autologous and homologous transfusion.

  • The Autologous transfusion: The case of the autologous transfusion, the blood of the athlete is collected and stored for the used on the same athlete in the future. Most athletes that have competitions do prepare ahead of time to ensure best performance. So, their blood are drawn by their doctor and used at the time of their event to boost their performance and endurance.
  • The Homologous transfusion: In the case homologous transfusion, the athlete gets the blood of another person with the same type to boost red blood count in the body.

The Artificial Oxygen Carriers for Blood Doping 

           Another popular method of blood doping used by the athlete is the synthetic or artificial carriers. It is a chemical with the capability of carrying oxygen. There are many types of it available in the medical world, but in this article, we will take a look at two of the examples. These are PFCs (per fluorocarbon) and HBOCs (hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers).


          There is a medical application for synthetic or artificial oxygen carriers for emergency therapy. The use of this method is when certain conditions are appropriate. The conditions that determine the use of the oxygen carriers include:

  • There is need for blood transfusion in patient without availability of human blood.
  • The human blood transfusion is not an option due to blood infection.
  • The patient’s condition is critical without enough time to carry out test and find matching blood type for the patient.

           The above mentioned are the conditions necessary that warrant the use of the artificial oxygen carrier for emergency therapy. However, athletes are making use of synthetic oxygen carriers for a different reason. They are making use of this method to get the same result from other forms of blood doping for their athletic performance. The method is effective in increasing fueling the muscle with the oxygenated blood.

Significant Facts About Blood Doping

            There is a unique test for blood doping. The test helps to detect drug use in the athlete. Since blood doping is an illegal way of triggering the body during a performance in sports. It is necessary to figure the risk factor associated with it if you want to get it done on you. So, figuring out the possible risks associated with blood doping and EPO is necessary before going for it. There are a plethora of tests indicating risks associated with blood doping.

Blood Doping Risks and Potential Dangers You Need To Know

          When the red blood cell production is modified, the heart is mostly the organ that suffers most. Increasing the number of red blood cells produced will result in the thickening of the blood, putting the heart into added pressure to pump the thickened blood to other vital organs of the body. Due to the blood doping, there is always an increase in the following:

  • Stroke.
  • Heart attack.
  • Blood clot.


        Different types of blood doping come with different types of risks. Blood doping done through transfusion of tainted blood can result in various infectious diseases, including:

  • Hepatitis B.
  • HIV.
  • Hepatitis C.

           Adding to these health issues associated with EPO and blood doping, many others are not popular base on recent studies. Abuse of EPO triggers high blood pressure (hypertension) by producing a higher amount of red blood cells to crowd the plasma. The risk of the increasing production of blood is that it results in blood thickening, which induces constriction of muscle and leads to the closing of the blood, stroke, and heart attack.

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          More so, there may be an interaction between hypotension drugs and EPO. Some of the drugs with negative interactions with the EPO are fludrocortisone (Astonin) and midodrine. That is why the professional sportsmen and men are not to take the drugs except administered by their doctor. The truth is that the use of EPO with drugs used to cancer such as breast cancer, Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), leukemia, and lymphomas.


             EPO is among the banned anabolic substance in the sporting world. The sporting agencies do carry out a regular test on the athletes to find out if they are using the banned drug or not. There is strict scrutiny of the athletes, and anyone found guilty of abusing the drug will be penalized through suspension or total stripping of the title. More so, some athletes have lost their titles for taking EPO or other hard PED drugs.

Related Article:: How Can Steroids Affect Athletes – Benefits and Side Effects of Steroids

The EPO And Blood Doping Popularity Among Athletes In The World

           Sports fans are conversant with the news about sportsmen and women caught using hard substances, such as Performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) and more. The PEDs is a popular anabolic substance used by the athletes to boost performance. But the drug under the same umbrella, which most people do not know is the EPO.

         This drug has recorded widespread controversies and abuse among the athletes, such as professional cyclists and more since the earlier 80s. Your knowledge of this drug, its effect, risk, and controversies will make it easy for you to know the best way to avoid being a victim. Many professional cyclists have put their life to danger through the abuse of this drug.

The Controversies Surrounding EPO Use among the Athletes in the World

          The use of EPO, banned in the international sports community, such as Olympic and others since the 1990s and in 2000 blood sample used to test for drug use in the athlete during the Summer Olympic.  In the year 2006, Floyd Landis was the first to lose his title for drug abuse through doping. Armstrong is another athlete to lose his title for EPO abuse and blood doping. Many other professional cyclists have tested positive for the use of EPO, and some of them include Philippe Gaumont, David Millar, Jesus Manzano, and Willy Voit.  With the controversies surrounding the use of EPO and blood doping, one may wonder about the possible effect of this drug on athletic performance. If that is your question, you should not ask further as the answer to your question is not farfetched.

The Benefits Associated With EPO and Blood Doping Drugs

           Despite the enormous health risks associated with EPO and other PED for blood doping, there are still some benefits associated with it, which attract more athletes to them. Some of the benefits associate with this drug are explained here.

Improve Your Strength and Live Stronger

             Erythropoietin or EPO in the acronym is a natural peptide hormone that is produced by the kidney. The hormone is responsible for triggering the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells. Clinically, the peptide hormone is useful in treating blood deficiencies in the body.


            It is recommended during emergency and anemia treatment. However, the misuse of abuse of EPO is banned. Although erythropoietin is banned, its popularity in the cyclist and endurance event has rapidly increased. So, one of the main reasons people go for this drug despite being banned is that helps them to live stronger and perform better in sporting competition.

Performance beyond the Limit of Human Being in Sports with EPO

          Performing beyond the human limit is possible with the help of the EPO and other blood doping methods. It is the drug that gives users full strength after being injected into the bloodstream. But it is only for those that can afford the cost of it. Accessing the EPO is easy when you check through the US site. You will find an injectable full strength solution for a hundred and fifty pounds. But to get the dose that will enough to boost your performance beyond the human limit, you must be ready to spend some thousands of pounds. You need not less than three thousand five hundred pounds to get the EPO injection that can last for the training cycle in circling or other endurance sports events. Therefore it is not affordable to the amateur cyclists and endurance training.

Some Common Questions About EPO And Blood Doping Cycling

           With the prevalence of EPO and blood doping, it is easy for someone to wonder about its effects on the body. Also, armature cyclists usually wonder if they can improve their strength and performance by injecting drugs into their bloodstream. If you have wondered about that also, you are in the right place as you will get answers to your questions here. Some of the questions about this product and the answers include:

Can I Get Stronger And Perform Better With The Use Of EPO?

          That is one of the most popular questions you can find among the cyclists and other athletes. The answer is simple, injecting this drug into the bloodstream triggers the production of red blood cells unnaturally. With the increased red blood cell comes the possibility of boosting the muscle strength, endurance, and agility for performance in sports.

How EPO Works to Increase Endurance?

          The main effect of EPO is to increase strength and endurance. That is why it is used by runners, cyclists, and other endurance trainers. Long-distance runners go for this injectable drug to make them perform beyond normal human strength. To ensure the effectiveness of the EPO, it is injected under the skin to induce the production of red blood cells and the delivery of more oxygen to the muscle.

Is erythropoietin drug still useful for cycling?

           While some people have ended up damaging their kidney and increasing their risk of stroke, heart disease, and others with the EPO abuse, a new study has it that the drug may not improve performance in cycling. The discovery about this drug has resulted in controversies and discouraged more runners, cyclists, and more from taking this as it does not produce the same result needed to perform better as cyclists of a long-distance runner.

Is EPO good enough for sports and endurance?

          Before you starting taking EPO for no medical purpose, it is necessary to research more about the drug. Make sure that you find out the effects of this drug on the body and how it works to boost performance and endurance. There is only a 6% increase in performance on the distance runners after taking the hormone for four weeks. With this knowledge, it is obvious that the drug does not produce the same result as purported by the public, which resulted in its abuse among the athletes.


Is EPO Categorized Among the Steroid?

            Although anabolic steroids are the popularly known PEDs used by the athletes, the EPO is also in the same category. The drug is clinically approved and recognized to help in handling different health issues. Also, the use of this drug for medical purposes is mainly during an emergency when all hopes are lost. Also, when blood transfusion is not an option due to certain reasons. The EPO is always the solution to the immediate problem. The health risks associated with the use of this substance comes following its abuse.

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Some of the Short Time Side Effects of EPO You Need To Know

           If you are planning to boost your performance in long-distance running with EPO. It confirms the short term and long term side effects associated with it.  There exist some temporary side effects associated with the abuse of EPO, which you need to know before going for it. Some of these side effects you need to know include:

  • Nausea.
  • Fever.
  • Swelling.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Dizziness.

         When you develop any of the side effects mentioned here, you should discontinue the use of the drug as quickly as possible. Make sure that you consult your doctor when you discover that you discover a strange feeling in your body following the use of the drug.

How to Administer EPO for Best Result?

         Depending on the effects you want to from the EPO, there are many ways to administer the drug. Medically, you can use the drug in three different ways, and that includes:

  • Epoetin Alfa.
  • Darbepoietin Alfa.
  • Injection intravenous to the vein.

          So, if you do not like the pain of the injection needle. Also, you can take the medication in another way to get the same result.


          Notwithstanding the temptation to boost your endurance, performance, or others through the use of EPO, you must consider the health risk associated with it. Abuse of drugs generally is dangerous to health. So, even if you are armature athletes and discovered with low performance, you should not start your career with supplements. There are many other healthy solutions for underperforming athletes, which they can utilize to improve their overall strength, endurance, and performance.


          There are ways to resolve your underperforming challenge as an athlete. One way to do that is by talking to your coach to figure out the safer solution to your problem. Alternate training options and nutrition could be the solution you need to regain y our level as a trainer. Your coach will find out the best solution to your career as a cyclist and not drugs. Some other treatment options can yield the same result without causing more damages to your health. With such a solution, you will stay away from drug abuse to damage your life forever. So, go on and improve your endurance as a cyclist or runner through a safer method.


Anabolic Steroids

How Much Do You Know About B-AET? A Fat Burner You’ve Been Missing




Introduction to B-AET

B-AET, or Beta-Androstenetriol, is a DHEA derivative known for its impressive health benefits, including anti-catabolism and fat loss. Despite its advantages, it remains largely unknown because it is hard to obtain, not due to any significant drawbacks.

Let’s delve into its properties:

Anti-Catabolic Effects: B-AET helps prevent muscle breakdown (catabolism). By preserving muscle tissue during intense workouts or calorie deficits, it supports overall fitness goals.

Fat Loss Potential: B-AET may enhance fat loss. While the exact mechanisms aren’t fully understood, it likely influences metabolism and fat utilization.

Challenges with Availability: As we've mentioned, B-AET is not widely accessible. Its scarcity limits research and popularity.

Comparing B-AET to 7-KETO DHEA

Similar to 7-KETO DHEA, B-AET does not suppress the HPTA and promotes fat loss by inhibiting cortisol. Based on personal experience, B-AET offers superior results compared to 7-KETO DHEA.

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Understanding Cortisol’s Role in Fat-Loss

Cortisol, released in response to stress, was crucial for survival in our evolutionary past. However, in today's world, chronic stress leads to persistently high cortisol levels, contributing to various health issues including fat accumulation, especially around the abdomen, insulin resistance, muscle loss, increased blood pressure, weakened immunity, impaired memory, decreased bone density, inhibited collagen synthesis, hair loss, depression, and lower testosterone levels.

Benefits of Beta-Androstenetriol

B-AET helps with fat loss by inhibiting cortisol production through the suppression of the enzyme 11β-HSD1. Users often notice significant fat reduction, especially around the lower belly. Additionally, B-AET lowers overall stress, enhances immune function, prevents muscle loss during calorie restriction, and has anti-inflammatory properties.

B-AET helps prevent muscle breakdown during intense training, preserving your hard-earned muscle mass.

By supporting muscle preservation and potentially aiding fat loss, B-AET can optimize overall performance during cutting phases.

Potential Side-Effects of Beta-Androstenetriol

Data on B-AET’s side effects is limited. Anecdotal reports suggest minimal side effects, but overuse could potentially lead to decreased stress response, fatigue, and low blood pressure due to chronically low cortisol levels. However, these risks are minimal if B-AET is used properly.

Let’s explore the potential dangers associated with Beta-Androstenetriol (B-AET) in detail:

Limited Research: As mentioned, B-AET remains relatively unknown due to limited research. Lack of comprehensive studies makes it challenging to fully understand its safety profile and potential risks.

Individual Variability: As with any compound, individual responses can vary. What works well for one person may not be suitable for another. Always consider your unique physiology and consult a healthcare professional.

Potental Side Effects

Gastrointestinal Disturbances: Some peptides can affect the digestive system, leading to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or stomach discomfort. While these side effects are typically transient, they’re worth noting.

Appetite and Blood Sugar: GHS peptides (including B-AET) may increase appetite and blood sugar levels.

Fluid Retention: Fluid retention is another possible side effect.

Legal Status: B-AET’s legal status varies by region. Ensure compliance with local regulations and restrictions.

Dosage and How to Use B-AET

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B-AET can be taken orally or applied topically. Due to poor bioavailability when taken orally, the topical application is far more effective and may offer localized benefits. Let’s explore dosage and usage in detail.


Unfortunately, there isn’t a universally established dosage for B-AET due to limited research and availability.

If you decide to use it, start with a conservative dose and gradually increase if needed.

Consult a healthcare professional or a knowledgeable coach who understands peptide usage.


B-AET is typically administered via subcutaneous injections.

Follow these general guidelines:

Frequency: Inject once or twice daily.

Timing: Some users prefer morning injections to align with natural cortisol rhythms.

Cycle Duration: Cycles can vary from a few weeks to several months.

Stacking: B-AET can be stacked with other peptides or compounds for synergistic effects.


Rotate Injection Sites: Avoid injecting in the same spot repeatedly.

Reconstitute Properly: If using lyophilized powder, follow reconstitution instructions.

Store Correctly: Keep B-AET refrigerated to maintain stability.

Other Fat-burning Alternatives to Consider

Also Read: 5 Steroid Cycles for Beginners

As a bodybuilder looking to optimize fat loss, consider incorporating the following peptides into your regimen:


Function: Originally used for oral ulcers, Amlexanox has shown potential for fat loss. It activates an enzyme called AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which plays a role in energy regulation and fat metabolism.

Mechanism: By enhancing AMPK activity, Amlexanox promotes fat breakdown (lipolysis) and inhibits fat storage (lipogenesis).

Administration: Available as a topical gel or oral medication.

Note: Research is ongoing, and its effectiveness for bodybuilders specifically needs further investigation.

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Glycyrrhetinic Acid

Function: Derived from licorice root, Glycyrrhetinic acid has anti-inflammatory properties and may aid fat loss.

Mechanism: It inhibits an enzyme called 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, which affects fat distribution.

Administration: Often used in topical creams or as a supplement.

Caution: High doses can lead to side effects, so moderation is crucial.


Function: Tesofensine was initially developed as an anti-obesity drug.

Mechanism: It increases levels of neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, leading to reduced appetite and increased fat burning.

Administration: Oral tablets.

Note: Not widely available due to limited research and regulatory hurdles.


Function: AOD9604 is a modified fragment of human growth hormone (HGH).

Mechanism: It stimulates lipolysis (fat breakdown) without affecting blood sugar levels or muscle growth.

Administration: Typically injected.

Caution: Consult a healthcare professional before use.


Function: 5-Amino-1MQ is a novel compound with potential fat-burning effects.

Mechanism: It interacts with mitochondria, enhancing energy expenditure and fat oxidation.

Availability: Limited due to being a newer discovery.


When it comes to burning fat in bodybuilding, a combination of heavy training and cardio is effective. Heavy weights help build muscle and improve strength, while cardio aids in fat loss. Additionally, consider incorporating fat-burning exercises into your routine.

However, if you can lay hands on B-AET and safely, it might just be the product you have been looking for. Good luck as you embark on a journey to get rid of that extra fat.

Related Article: First Injectable Steroid Cycle

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Bodybuilding Products

TRT Add-ons: The Ultimate Guide




Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) has become a popular solution for men looking to regain their youthful vitality and improve their overall health. However, TRT alone may not be enough to achieve optimal results. That’s where TRT add-ons come in. These additional compounds can enhance the effects of TRT and address specific goals or concerns.

Most bodybuilders may prefer safer natural supplements or synthetic drugs to enhance their TRT (Testosterone Replacement Therapy) without resorting to anabolic steroids. Let’s explore three natural supplements and three synthetic options that can complement your TRT protocol.

Must Read: Steroids That Can Be Used For Joints Or Ligaments Injuries

Natural Add-Ons

1. Saw Palmetto

  • A mild inhibitor of the 5-alpha-reductase enzyme, it prevents the conversion of Testosterone into DHT.
  • Useful for hair loss, acne, and preventing benign prostatic hyperplasia.
  • Take 200 mg daily.

2. Boron

  • Boron, a mineral found in the periodic table, isn’t strictly essential but offers benefits.
  • It improves bone health, recovery, and neuroprotection.
  • Most importantly, it decreases SHBG (Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin) and increases Free Testosterone.
  • Take 5 to 6 mg per day, with a week off for every two weeks of use.

3. Diindolylmethane (DIM)

  • Found in cruciferous vegetables, DIM acts as a mild aromatase inhibitor (AI) and improves Estrogen metabolism.
  • Consider DIM if you tend to aromatize excessively.
  • Start at 50 mg/day and adjust up to 150 mg/day if needed.

Other Natural Supplements for TRT

Include Vitamin D3, Vitamin K2, Vitamin C, Magnesium, Zinc, and Berberine.

Synthetic Add-Ons

  1. PDE5 Inhibitors (Cialis or Viagra)
    • Widely used by TRT users.
    • Enhance blood flow, leading to better erections, lower blood pressure, and improved gym performance.
    • May increase protein synthesis and muscle building.
    • Take 5 to 10 mg of Tadalafil or 25 to 50 mg of Sildenafil as needed.
  2. Cardarine

    • Potentially risky in the long term due to rodent cancer studies.
    • Short-term use benefits cardiovascular health, insulin sensitivity, fat loss, and endurance.
    • Take 10 to 20 mg daily for no more than 8 weeks.

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  1. Peptides

    • Numerous useful peptides available.
    • BPC-157 and TB-500 aid healing.
    • DSIP promotes better sleep.
    • Ipamorelin and CJC-1295 act as GH secretagogues.
    • Consider peptide therapy through TRT clinics or with a doctor’s prescription.

More TRTs You Can Find Helpful

Peptide Therapy

Peptides are short chains of amino acids that can have various effects on the body. Some peptides, like growth hormone-releasing peptides (GHRPs) and CJC-1295, may enhance muscle growth, fat loss, and overall well-being when combined with TRT.

Primo (Primobolan)

Primobolan is an anabolic steroid that is often considered mild and estrogen-neutral. It can provide additional anabolism without the side effects associated with raising testosterone doses. Primobolan is a good choice for those seeking a subtle boost during TRT.

Nandrolone (Deca/NPP)

Nandrolone is another anabolic steroid that can be added to TRT. It’s known for joint support, favorable dosing, and maintaining muscle fullness. However, individual responses vary, so it’s essential to monitor how your body reacts.

Drostanolone propionate

Masteron supports high-intensity training during TRT by impacting the nervous system. It may help you push more weight and maintain muscle quality during cruises.


Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is a natural hormone that declines with age. Some people find that supplementing with DHEA improves energy, mood, and overall well-being when combined with TRT.


Anavar is an oral steroid that can enhance muscle growth and strength. It’s often used during TRT for its anabolic properties.


Tadalafil is commonly used for erectile dysfunction, but it also promotes blood flow to muscles. Some people take it daily to reduce inflammation and potentially raise testosterone levels.

Remember that individual responses to these compounds can vary, and it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before adding any substances to your TRT protocol.

Must Read: The Importance of Scaptions in Female Athletes

Dietary Considerations While on TRT

When you’re on testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), following a proper diet is essential for optimal results. Here are some dietary considerations to keep in mind:

Exercise Regularly: Although not directly related to diet, regular exercise is crucial for maximizing the benefits of TRT. Aim for weightlifting or resistance training 3 to 4 times a week, along with cardio exercises on non-weightlifting days.

Prioritize Protein: Protein supports muscle growth and repair. Aim for 0.7 to 1 gram of protein per pound of body weight daily. Include lean meats, fish, poultry, and quality protein supplements like casein or whey.

Pre-Workout Nutrition: Consume a high-protein, high-carbohydrate meal about two hours before your workout. If time is limited, have a protein drink an hour before exercising. After your workout, opt for a protein-rich meal with simple carbohydrates (rice, potatoes, pasta).

Health-Promoting Supplements: Consider supplements like Coenzyme Q10, Vitamin D3, Vitamin B-12, Creatine, Curcumin, Resveratrol, Fish Oil, and Glucosamine/Chondroitin. These can complement TRT and overall health.

Fiber Intake: Aim for at least 20 grams of fiber daily from sources like beans, vegetables, fruits, oatmeal, and whole-grain bread.

Remember, these guidelines apply to everyone, not just those on TRT. Prioritize a balanced diet, stay hydrated, and avoid excessive sugar and alcohol intake to optimize your health and fitness goals while on TRT.

Maintaining Optimal Hormonal Balance While on TRT

To maintain optimal health while on TRT, regular lab testing is crucial. Monitoring specific health markers helps guide your treatment. Here are the key markers to keep an eye on:

Total and Free Testosterone: Aim for an upper-normal range.

Estrogen Levels: Excess estrogen can lead to unwanted side effects.

Complete Blood Count (CBC): This test checks for elevated red blood cell count.

Liver Enzymes: Ensures your liver is handling TRT properly.

Lipid Profile: Monitors cholesterol levels.

PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen): Screen for prostate cancer risk if you’re over 50.

Before starting TRT, get baseline blood work done. Then repeat it at 4-6 weeks and every 3-6 months once your levels stabilize. Frequent testing provides valuable insights to fine-tune your TRT protocol and optimize how you feel.


Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) can be a powerful tool for bodybuilders, but it requires careful consideration. TRT stands for Testosterone Replacement Therapy. It’s a medical treatment used to address low testosterone levels. Administered through injections, patches, gels, or pellets, TRT helps restore testosterone levels to a healthier range. Benefits include improved muscle strength, energy levels, and overall well-being. Bodybuilders often use testosterone differently than standard TRT protocols. While TRT can enhance muscle growth, it’s not typically enough for IFBB pro bodybuilding competition.

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Typical dosages for bodybuilding range from 200 to 1000 milligrams per week. The benefits include enhanced muscle growth, improved energy levels, and increased libido. However, it’s essential to remember that TRT should always be supervised by a healthcare professional. If you’re considering it, consult with a specialist to determine if it’s the right choice for you!

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Anabolic Steroids

Peptides Vs. Steroids:Real Talk/Guide




Many bodybuilders are unable to distinguish peptides from regular steroids. In this article we're going to explore Peptides vs. Steroids from various perspectives.

Let’s delve into the differences between peptides and steroids.

Mechanism of Action

    • Peptides: These are short chains of amino acids. Peptides work by binding to specific receptors on the cell surface. They initiate signal transduction pathways, which activate various cellular processes. Peptides do not directly affect DNA or gene expression.
    • Steroids: Steroids, on the other hand, penetrate the cell membrane and bind directly to DNA within the cell nucleus. They act as transcription participants, modifying gene expression.

Natural vs. Unnatural Effects

    • Peptides: Peptides enhance natural processes in the body. For example, some peptides stimulate growth hormone release, improve recovery, and promote anti-aging effects.
    • Steroids: Anabolic steroids artificially increase testosterone levels. They can be used for hormone replacement therapy but may have side effects due to their unnatural impact on the body.

Related Article: Oral Primobolan Cycle 

Binding Sites

    • Peptides: Bind to cell surface receptors.
    • Steroids: Bind to receptors inside the cell cytoplasm and modify transcription.


    • Peptides:
      • Weight Loss: Certain peptides can aid weight management.
      • Recovery & Repair: Peptides like BPC-157 support tissue healing.
      • Anti-Aging: Some peptides have skin-rejuvenating properties.
      • Reproductive Health: Peptides like kisspeptin-10 may impact reproductive health.
      • Cognitive Enhancement: Selank and semax are nootropic peptides.
    • Steroids:
      • Hormone Replacement: Used for male hypogonadism (low testosterone).
      • Muscle Building: Anabolic steroids promote muscle growth.
      • Performance Enhancement: Athletes sometimes misuse steroids for performance gains.

Peptides Vs. Steroids Risk Profile

    • Peptides: Generally considered safer with fewer side effects.
    • Steroids: Higher risk of adverse effects, including liver damage, cardiovascular issues, and hormonal imbalances.

Peptides Vs. Steroids Dosages


Dosages vary based on the specific peptide and desired effect.

Let’s explore the dosages for various peptides commonly used in bodybuilding. Remember that individual responses may vary, so always consult with a healthcare professional before starting any peptide regimen.

CJC-1295 and Ipamorelin Stack


Typical Dosage: 1000 mcg to 2000 mcg per week.

Cycle Duration: 8 to 12 weeks (60 to 90 days).


Typical Dosage: 200 mcg to 300 mcg per day.

Cycle Duration: Similar to CJC-1295 (8 to 12 weeks).

Average Cost: Approximately $49 (Prices may vary depending on the supplier and product concentration).


Typical Dosage: 4-10 mg per week, divided into two doses per week.

Cycle Duration: 4-6 weeks, followed by a maintenance dose.

Benefits: GHRP-6 stimulates growth hormone release, aiding muscle growth and recovery.


Typical Dosage: Varies based on the specific purpose (e.g., injury recovery or muscle healing).

Cycle Duration: Often used for 4-6 weeks.

Application: BPC-157 accelerates tissue repair and supports muscle healing.

IGF-1 (Insulin-like Growth Factor)

Dosage: Typically administered subcutaneously.

Cycle Duration: Varies; consult with your personal trainer or healthcare professional.

Benefits: IGF-1 promotes local muscle growth and repair.


Dosages depend on the steroid type and purpose (e.g., medical or athletic use).

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Let’s dive into a comprehensive guide on steroid dosages for bodybuilding. Keep in mind that individual responses can vary, and it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any steroid regimen. Here are some common dosages for various steroids

Must Read: Beginner Bulking Cycle

Beginner Steroid Cycles

Testosterone Cycle

Dosage: Typically ranges from 300 mg to 500 mg per week.

Cycle Length: Usually 8 to 12 weeks.

Rest Period: Allow at least 4 to 6 weeks between cycles.

Anavar (Oxandrolone) Cycle

Dosage: Around 20 mg to 50 mg per day.

Cycle Length: 6 to 8 weeks.

Purpose: Anavar is mild and suitable for beginners, promoting lean muscle gains and fat loss2.

Bulking Steroid Cycles

Dianabol (Methandrostenolone) Cycle

Dosage: Typically 20 mg to 50 mg per day.

Cycle Length: 4 to 6 weeks.

Benefits: Dianabol is known for rapid muscle growth and strength gains.

Anadrol (Oxymetholone) Cycle

Dosage: 50 mg to 100 mg per day.

Cycle Length: 4 to 6 weeks.

Purpose: Anadrol is potent for bulking and increasing red blood cell production.

Trenbolone Cycle

Dosage: Varies (typically 200 mg to 400 mg per week).

Cycle Length: 8 to 10 weeks.

Benefits: Trenbolone promotes muscle growth, strength, and fat loss.

Deca Durabolin (Nandrolone Decanoate) Cycle

Dosage: 200 mg to 400 mg per week.

Cycle Length: 8 to 12 weeks.

Stacking: Often combined with testosterone for synergistic effects.

Cutting Steroid Cycles

Winstrol (Stanozolol) Cycle

Dosage: 20 mg to 50 mg per day (oral) or 50 mg to 100 mg every other day (injectable).

Cycle Length: 6 to 8 weeks.

Purpose: Winstrol helps preserve lean muscle during cutting phases.

Primobolan (Methenolone) Cycle

Dosage: 400 mg to 600 mg per week.

Cycle Length: 8 to 10 weeks.

Benefits: Primobolan is mild, promotes quality muscle, and has minimal side effects.

Clenbuterol Cycle

Dosage: Varies (typically 20 mcg to 120 mcg per day).

Cycle Length: 2 weeks on, 2 weeks off.

Purpose: Clenbuterol aids fat loss and enhances metabolism.

Advanced Steroid Cycles

Anadrol / Testosterone / Trenbolone Cycle

Dosages: Varies based on individual tolerance and goals.

Stacking: Combining Anadrol, testosterone, and trenbolone for maximum effects.

Winstrol / Proviron / Trenbolone Cycle

Dosages: Tailored to advanced users and pro bodybuilders.

Stacking: Winstrol, Proviron, and trenbolone synergize for cutting and hardening.

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Natural Alternatives

    • Peptides: Consider natural alternatives like collagen peptides for skin health or melatonin for sleep.
    • Steroids: Natural alternatives include resistance training, proper nutrition, and rest.

Peptides Vs. Steroids Impact on Muscle Growth


Lean Muscle Gain: Peptides promote lean muscle mass by stimulating protein synthesis.

Recovery: Faster recovery from intense workouts and injuries.

Anti-Catabolic Effects: Peptides prevent muscle breakdown.

Example: Imagine an athlete recovering from a muscle strain. BPC-157 administration accelerates tissue repair, aiding muscle growth.


Rapid Muscle Hypertrophy: Steroids lead to significant muscle growth due to increased protein synthesis.

Increased Strength: Athletes using steroids experience enhanced performance in strength-based activities.

Improved Recovery: Steroids reduce muscle damage and inflammation.

Example: A bodybuilder using testosterone sees substantial gains in muscle size and strength during a bulking phase.

FDA Stance on Peptides Vs. Steroids

The FDA has closely examined the commercialization and utilization of specific peptides and steroids, expressing apprehensions about their safety and the absence of approval for numerous substances.

As a result, the FDA has prohibited the sale of several peptides formerly favored by bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts due to their purported muscle-building and performance-enhancing attributes.

This regulatory measure emphasizes the significance of following lawful and secure protocols when contemplating peptides for enhancing muscle growth.

It is crucial for individuals to remain well-informed regarding the peptides that adhere to FDA guidelines, enabling them to make prudent and lawful decisions concerning their health and fitness routines.

Importantly,  the legality of steroids and peptides varies among countries and jurisdictions. We recommend checking legality in your country before commencing your routine.

Also Read: Varicose Veins In Bodybuilders-Risk Factors and How to Mitigate Them


As observed, steroids and peptide therapies share certain similarities in their effects, including enhanced strength, improved endurance, and increased fat burning, which are often sought after by individuals aiming to enhance their physical performance and appearance.

However, while both can achieve these outcomes, the risks associated with steroids are considerably higher compared to peptides.

Fred Kyle, a Certified Peptide Specialist at the Etalaze, advises individuals to carefully consider the potential consequences of using steroids on their health before opting for them as a means to enhance performance.

For those seeking an extra boost to overcome performance plateaus or slumps, it's recommended to consult with a professional, preferably your personal trainer or physician.

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