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4 Diseases We Can Treat with Steroids

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4 Diseases We Can Treat with Steroids
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What are Steroids?

       Steroids are synthetic drugs that resemble cortisol. Cortisol is a hormone which is produced by the body naturally. Steroids work effectively by bringing down the inflammation and reducing the activity of the immune system.

        They are used to treat several inflammatory conditions and diseases. Corticosteroids are not the same as the anabolic steroids.

         Athletes and sportspersons use anabolic steroids to build their muscles. Some of the medications of these corticosteroids include the prednisone, cortisone, and methylprednisolone, etc.

Anabolic Steroids:

       These steroids are mostly used by athletes to enhance their performance. If used illegally the players can also be suspended from the game in this case.

        When these steroids are used legitimately in medicines, they are used to treat multiple conditions in humans, such as low testosterone levels, delayed puberty in boys, blood disorders, and individual bones disorders.

       Unfortunately, most of the times these anabolic steroids are used by the weightlifters as well as sportsmen for the enhancement of their performance as mentioned earlier as well.

      Therefore, they are usually considered to be having negative traits mostly. No doubt when these are used for non-medical purposes; they cause issues like cardiovascular ailments and psychiatric problems.

Side Effects of the Steroids:

Side Effects

       Steroids are potentially known to have several side effects. Hence they must be taken in a prescribed manner. One should visit one's physicians regularly to avoid complications in this regards.

      Some of the side effects of these steroids may include cataracts, brittle bones, glaucoma, thin skin, liver damage, muscle weakness, and increased infections.

Precautions and Warnings:

        Steroids must always be taken in a prescribed dosage. If these are made in overdosage, then your body may not be able to produce the corticosteroids naturally.

        Daily usage of these steroids may develop severe measles or chicken pox in addition to several other conditions. Therefore, be in regular contact with your doctor to take care of such issues.

How are Steroids Given?

      Steroids are given orally (by mouth), topically (ointment or cream), or even via injection. When injections, are provided it is done into a muscle or a vein, directly into the joints or around the tendons, bursa or other soft tissues.

How do Steroids Work?

     Steroids are known to reduce the inflammation as well as the activity of the immune system. Inflammation is a process in which white blood cells and relevant chemicals protect the body against foreign organisms and infections such as viruses and bacteria.

        At times, the defense system of the body does not function properly and becomes over-reactive. This causes inflammation, and it works against the tissues of the body and damages the tissue. Inflammation can be characterized by warmth, redness, pain, and swelling.

         So steroids are there to reduce the inflammation production and at the same time minimize the tissue damage. Steroids also reduce the immune system's activities by affecting white blood cells functioning.

What Conditions are Treated with Steroids?

Several conditions are treated with steroids. Some of these are as follows:

Arthritis:

Arthritis

      One of the main features that steroid serve is the reduction of inflammation. All the conditions that involve joint redness, swelling, pain, and limited mobility can be treated with the help of steroids.

       For arthritis, these corticosteroids are taken in the form of pills, and then the medication spreads in the body throughout. They can be injected into an inflamed joint directly keeping the most of the medicines in a restricted area.

Must Read: 5 Ways To Recover With the Help of Steroids After Surgery

Asthma:

How Exercise Helps Asthma Patients in Their Life

           Steroids are known to be useful for asthma too. As corticosteroids control the immune system of the body and at the same time reduces the inflammation; it opens the airways inside the lungs.  Steroids, in this case, are given in the form of the inhaler. It can be used as routine care for asthma.

          This facilitates in reducing the asthma symptoms and at the same time prevents the acute attacks. In the case of cute attacks where the hospital visit is required for asthma, these steroids are given as intravenous injections.

Must Read: How Exercise Helps Asthma Patients in Their Life

Ocular Inflammatory Disease:

       Topical steroids like Lotemax are considered to be safe for the intraocular and topical ocular inflammation treatment. It is used in the form of ointments and creams.

Eczema and Cancer:

Eczema and Cancer:

        As we have already mentioned that steroids are the most effective when it is about inflammatory diseases, therefore, it successfully treats the conditions like psoriasis, eczema, and dermatitis, where there are steroid oriented ointments and creams, are used for the treatments.

       Oral treatment is prescribed for autoimmune diseases like Crohn diseases, lupus, and multiple sclerosis. Corticosteroids are used to treat several eye-related disorders and some forms of cancers. They facilitate in reducing nausea that is associated with chemotherapy.

          They reduce the allergic reactions that are usually caused by blood transfusion. This discussion can be concluded by saying that no doubt steroids are used to treat several diseases; however, they should be taken under supervision to be used effectively.

Must Read: Prostate Cancer And Steroids: Let The Pendulum Swing

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