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Why Use Antioxidants During a Steroid Cycle.




Antioxidants During a Steroid Cycle

           Steroids are synthetic hormones designed for clinical use in managing various chronic diseases. Anabolic-androgenic steroids, derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, are used by athletes in sports. The aim in such instances is to boost muscle mass, increase performance and endurance. Also, they shorten recovery time between exercises. Inappropriate use of steroids is associated with several adverse effects. To limit such outcomes, their correct use is recommended, and antioxidants can help you.


              Due to the varied used and different desired outcomes, patterns of use have been established; cycling, stacking, and pyramiding. The steroid cycle refers to a pattern of steroid use intending to build body mass or muscle mass. Here anabolic androgenic steroids are used in cycles of about six to twelve weeks followed by an off phase of several months. Pyramiding generally involves gradually increasing the dose of the steroids to a maximum level, followed by dose reduction. Another pattern is stacking, where various steroids combinations include other supplements.

Steroids in Sports

            Athletes desired outcomes categorize steroids as either; bulking steroids- used to increase muscle mass, performance steroids- aimed to increase strength and endurance, or cutting steroids- used to reduce weight (cut fat). Delivery routes are based and user preference and desired outcome. It can be oral, implants, injections, and cream or gels. In the body, they bind to the androgen receptors, resulting in molecular interactions with the cell DNA. The ultimate result is to increase protein synthesis and subsequent cell growth.

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            Cycles for anabolic steroid use depend on the physical state of the user. Beginners and experienced users have different cycles. This limits the chances of developing adverse outcomes; for instance, it lowers the risk of suppressing own hormone production. Also, it enhances higher efficiency and safety. An example of a steroid cycle for beginners includes; turinabol 30-50mg/day for 9 weeks, testosterone enanthate 500mg/week for 8 weeks, and Dianabol 30-50mg/day for 6 weeks. Experienced athletes' cycle contains a combination of steroids, for example, nandrolone decanoate +sustanon, trenbolone enanthate plus testosterone, and boldenone plus testosterone enanthate.

Related Article:: 10 Steroid Cycles for Different Goals (Newbie, Bulking, Cutting, Strength)

What are Antioxidants?

          Antioxidants are substances or elements that inhibit or reduce cell damage due to free radicals, reactive oxygen species, and other unstable molecules resulting from chemical reactions or physiological changes in the body. During a steroid cycle, antioxidants play a role in scavenging free radicals and other unstable compounds produced by skeletal muscles during exercise.

  • The roles played by these antioxidants include;
  • Prevent oxidative stress.
  • Reduce exercise-induced muscle damage.
  • Increase muscle endurance.
  • Shorten the recovery time after exercise.
  • Counteract neutrophil inflammatory response.

The roles listed above are discussed in detail as follows. Later I will discuss various classes and types of antioxidants available.

Antioxidants Counteract the Effect of Oxidative Stress.

          Antioxidants cushion the oxidative stress sequelae. Physical exercise increases the production of reactive oxygen species, nitrogen species, free radicals and their accumulation within the muscle mass. A sustained balance between oxidation and reduction is important in maintaining muscle physiology. These reactive oxygen species comprise; superoxide anions, hydroxyl radicals, and peroxyl radicals.


         Oxidative stress results from an imbalance between free radical production and the elimination by physiological antioxidants. This imbalance with increased radical levels accounts for oxidative damage. Stress-sensitive signal pathways are activated, which play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic conditions such as cardiovascular conditions, metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance.

           Physical exercise's physiological importance in maintaining normal body function and health is accompanied by oxidative stress induction. During physical exercise, there is an increased demand for oxygen in the muscle tissue. It is estimated that oxygen uptake by the muscles increases by 10-20 folds. This increased influx in active skeletal muscles increases the formation of reactive oxygen species and free radicals. Their effect is to oxidize macromolecules, DNA, amino acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and proteins.

Basis of Antioxidants

        The oxidized molecules form the basis for the development of chronic diseases. Reactive oxygen species accumulation results in muscle dysfunction and damage, prolonging recovery time. Antioxidants must counter these effects by eliminating formed reactive oxygen species and free radicals.


          Increased muscular activity is accompanied by increased metabolic rate and increased oxygen consumption by muscle fibers. This results in a subsequent temperature increase and reduced cellular muscle mass pH. These changes enhance free radicals' formation and accumulation in the muscle cells. Antioxidants protect the body from oxidative damage by reactive oxygen species and free radicals. Antioxidants protect against muscle damage.

          During the steroid cycle level of muscular activity increases with increased exercise level. During this activity, muscle fibers stretch as a result of repeated use. Repeated contractions and relaxation create tension in skeletal muscles causing the fibers to lengthen. Physical exercise increases oxygen influx within the muscle tissue. These active muscle fibers increase in size approximately by 100-200 folds. Normally muscle fibers are adaptive to the level of stress experienced.

          However, increased activity increases the production and accumulation of free radicals and reactive oxygen species. Their formation rate exceeds that of clearance by available antioxidants, both exogenous and endogenous systems. Their formation plays a role in muscle damage during physical activity. Antioxidants remove the reactive oxygen species, thus halting further muscle damage. A study by cian McGinley et al. in 2009 evaluated the role of vitamin C and vitamin E in preventing muscle damage due to ROS due to exercise among sportspersons.

New studies on Antioxidants

           The study used a wide range of supplementation mechanisms with variation in dosing, timing, and supplementation duration. The study's outcome showed that antioxidants reduce oxidative stress with a minimal role in preventing muscle damage. A similar study by Vilma Simoes Pereira et al. in 2015 aimed to find the effects of supplementation with dietary antioxidants on recovery following muscle damage due to exercise.

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           Dietary supplementation of phytochemicals has been shown to reduce the effects of eccentric muscle damage due to exercise. Another study explained the findings above, emphasizing that correct dosage and requirement should be provided to avoid toxicity or causing further muscle damage. An individual estimated requirement must be provided for muscle tissue's effective functioning and a better outcome.

Role in Modulating Inflammatory Response.

            During the steroid cycle, individuals are involved in strenuous physical exercise. This activity alters the skeletal muscle state by increasing the length and that of tendons. This is a result of the adaptive activity of the muscle tissue to exercise, as discussed above. In the process, there is muscle injury which will trigger an inflammatory response. Muscle damage also results from the thermal effects and ischemia/reperfusion. Neutrophil leads to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species, thus increases the burden of oxidative stress in the muscle cells.

              Neutrophils are increased in circulation during exercise. Their increase subsequently increases the level of neutrophils associated with reactive oxygen species and corresponding oxidative stress. Another source of neutrophil during exercise is suggested to be from the effect of free radicals on leucocytes, where they damage the DNA. A study done confirmed that antioxidants modulate the neutrophil inflammatory response to exercise-induced stress.

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           In that study dated December 7th, 2020, three groups were studied for a period of 21 days. One group was on the antioxidant-supplemented beverage, and the others acted as control groups. At the end of the exercise, given blood samples were drawn, plasma and neutrophils were separated. Plasma creatinine kinase and myoglobin levels have elevated a confirmation of muscle damage due to exercise.

              After measuring plasma oxidative bio-markers, it was found that it increased in all the groups that were not on antioxidant supplements. On measuring neutrophil antioxidants enzymes, there was a notable increase in the control groups confirming that the activity was reduced in the supplemented group. The activity of myeloperoxidases was increased significantly among the control groups. On the other hand, enzyme levels were elevated among those on antioxidants supplements. This confirmed the role of antioxidants in modulating inflammatory responses induced by exercise.

Increase muscle endurance and recovery and reduce recovery time.

            Selected antioxidants have been shown to increase muscle endurance by reducing the delayed onset of muscle soreness. Polyphenols and other commercial antioxidants have been shown to have a moderate to good effect in lowering the delayed onset of muscle soreness. Other antioxidants have been shown to positively affect post-exercise muscle recovery. The ROS-scavenging effect of antioxidants reduces the number of free radicals and reactive oxygen species in skeletal muscles during exercise. These changes reduce the level of muscle damage and thus increase muscle endurance during exercise. The formation of free radicals within the skeletal muscle has beneficial effects—the produced reactive oxygen species act as signaling pathways to enhance muscle protection from further physical stress.


              As defined above, they are free radical scavenging molecules. The overall effect of this function in to protect the cells from oxidative stress-induced damage. Their interaction with free radicals results in a chemical reaction that stabilizes these free radicals. In other words, the molecules can prevent oxidation or limit oxidation of other molecules. Oxidation refers to a chemical reaction that involves the transfer of electrons from one compound or element to the other (oxidizing agent).

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              These reactions act as a source of free radicals, which start a chain of other harmful reactions to the cells. Antioxidants are mostly reducing agents in nature, thus preventing oxidation reactions by them getting oxidized in the process. A lack of antioxidants in the body or their limited availability will result in an oxidative stress state. This state is associated with a series of reactions that damage the cells and compromise function. Free radicals are associated with the pathogenesis of chronic diseases, for instance, cardiovascular diseases and cancers. Supplementation of antioxidants is beneficial because it provides the body's optimal physiological function and improves health.

             Antioxidants can be endogenous or exogenous. Physiological antioxidants are naturally present in the body and comprise superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase. Exogenous antioxidants must be provided through an antioxidant-rich diet, synthetic antioxidants, and other supplements. Examples include thiols, vitamins C, E, and A, and polyphenols. Antioxidants can also be grouped as being; 1. Natural antioxidants (primary) and 2. Synthetic antioxidants (secondary).

Primary antioxidants (free radical scavengers)

             These antioxidants stabilize free radicals. They achieve this by breaking the chains of lipid radicals, and converting them to a non-radical state or stable form. This group comprises antioxidants derived from phenols and secondary aromatic amines. Their structure makes them available in different molecular weights. They are further grouped as either mineral antioxidants, vitamin antioxidants, and phytochemicals. The mineral antioxidant serves as co-factors to enzymes involved in the anti-oxidation process. They comprise selenium, iron, zinc, magnesium, and copper.

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          Their availability plays a bigger role in macromolecules' metabolisms, such as proteins and carbohydrates. Vitamins and antioxidants are vitamins with which act as reducing agents. This comprises vitamin B C and E. Antioxidants that cannot be grouped as minerals or vitamins fall in the phytochemical category, including flavonoids. They are phenol compounds responsible for the coloration of plants, i.e., fruits and vegetables or seed leaves.

           The most active in this group are catechins found in green tea and sesamol. The fat-soluble color of vegetables and fruits forms carotenoids. An example is beta-carotene which is found in carrots in the body. It serves as a source of vitamin A in case of its deficiency. Tomatoes have lycopene as an antioxidant, while dark green vegetables have zeaxanthin.

Secondary Antioxidants (peroxidase scavengers)

            Unlike primary antioxidants, these function by reducing or decompressing hydroperoxides into stable compounds before transforming into active free radicals and stopping the chain reaction. The action can be combined with primary antioxidants to provide synergisms and effective oxidative stress management. Examples include; Nordihydro garlic acid, tertiary butyl hydroquinone, butylated hydroxytoluene, propyl gallate, metal chelating agents, and butylated hydroxyanisole.

Sources of antioxidants.

               The leading source of antioxidants is fruits and vegetables. Antioxidants are also available in nuts, grains, and animal proteins. Alpha-tocopherol is found in sunflowers, almonds, corn, broccoli nuts, and mangoes. Vitamin A-rich foods include; liver, sweet potato, carrot, milk, egg yolk, and cheese. Ascorbic acid is found in most fruits and vegetables.

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          Color-containing fruits and vegetables, especially oranges color are rich in beta-carotene. Green vegetables have an abundance of lutein and zeaxanthin. Tomatoes and their products contain high levels of lycopene. Mineral antioxidants are provided as supplements or other available in plants and animals, for example, selenium (rice and wheat).

Properties of antioxidants

            Antioxidants used mostly are phenol compounds and would be either mono hydroxyl or polyhydroxy. Due to their low activation energy, they are not reduced (they would not donate hydrogen). As a result of this stabilization, it prevents the formation of other free radicals. A free radical chain reaction is minimized by donating hydrogen by the antioxidant. The intermediate antioxidant free radical does not oxidize due to its stability, thus preventing free radical chain reaction propagation. The resultant antioxidant radical can also react with lipid-free radical, and a complex compound is formed, which is stable, thus preventing further damage by such radicals.

Examples of antioxidants

            Vitamin E (tocopherol): this is a fat-soluble antioxidant. Among the eight members of this group, alpha-tocopherol is the most important. It is the most lipid-soluble and with property in enhancing the membranes' protection from lipid-related free radicals resulting from lipid peroxidation chain reaction. The intermediate of this reaction, oxidized alpha-tocopherol, can be recycled to its original form by using other antioxidants, e.g., vitamin A and C.

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            Vitamin C has reducing properties, can neutralize reactive oxygen species, and play a vital role in cancer prevention. Its reaction with glutathione within the cell maintains it in a reduced state.

            Glutathione is synthesized in the cells from amino acids. Within the cell, it can be maintained in either reduced or oxidized states mediated by enzymes such as glutathione reductases. It maintains the cell in its redox state, and due to its high concentration, it is the most vital cellular antioxidant. The cysteine group has reduction properties in its structure and can be oxidized reversibly.

Adverse effects of antioxidants

  • Toxicity in case of antioxidant overdose.
  • Reactive oxygen species (ROS) regulate cell adhesion, and their elimination compromises this.
  • ROS regulate the MAPK pathway for DNA repair antioxidants actions will inhibit DNA repair and apoptosis
  • Immune system activation depends on ROS, and so does inflammatory response induction.
  • ROS plays a role in killing phagocytosed microbes by macrophages. Their elimination by antioxidants will impair this role.
  • Activation of the extracellular microbes killing depend on superoxide and nitric oxide, which eliminate antioxidants.


         Contrary to what many people think about antioxidants, they’re, in fact, beneficial to a bodybuilder or any other fitness enthusiast during a steroid cycle. However, it would help if you regulated it to reap the full benefits.



VOX Testing: Why Bodybuilders Must Have It Tested Regularly





VOX testing is commonly used in bodybuilding circles and refers to the volume of exercises performed. VOX testing measures the intensity of a workout and can indicate how hard an individual is working.

The higher the VOX, the more intense the workout. For example, if one performs 10 sets of 10 repetitions with heavy weights, their VOX would be high. On the other hand, if one performs 20 sets of 5 repetitions with light weights, then their VOX would be low. In either case, understanding what VOX means in bodybuilding can help you determine how hard you should push yourself to achieve your goals.

Why VOX Testing for Bodybuilders

VOX max testing is essential for anyone looking to improve their physical fitness and performance, regardless of their fitness goals. This type of testing measures the maximum amount of oxygen that your body can consume during exercise, which is a key indicator of your overall aerobic fitness. With a VOX max test, you can identify areas for improvement and set realistic goals for yourself.

By understanding your current level of aerobic fitness, you can make informed decisions about the types of exercise you should include in your routine and how hard you should push yourself during each workout.VOX max testing is typically offered in a doctor's office or at a health club. One of the most common ways to test your aerobic fitness is using an exercise bike at a high resistance level. What does VOX max testing measure?

Oxygen Uptake Rate Basics

The oxygen uptake ratio measures how efficiently your body uses oxygen during exercise. The higher this ratio, the more efficient you are at taking in and using oxygen during exercise. To understand how this measurement works, it's helpful to know about these three components of the body:

Core temperature

This is typically measured via an infrared thermometer placed on the forehead.

Heart rate:

This is typically measured by your pulse, usually taken at the carotid artery near the front of your neck.

Oxygen levels in your blood

This is often measured with a fingertip-reading sensor attached to a scale or a pressure sensor placed on the fingertips and then connected to an oxygen monitor. When you exercise, your body heats up, which increases its core temperature.

The heart increases how quickly it pumps blood through the body and releases oxygenated blood into the air (this process creates carbon dioxide). This causes your heart rate to grow as well. The blood vessels in the body get bigger, increasing the blood flow to the heart and brain.

In a panic attack, your heart rate can increase by as much as 600 beats per minute. This means a lot of pressure on your body, which can cause dizziness, lightheadedness, and sweating.

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VOX Testing & Methods

VOX testing is a simple blood test that analyzes the body for fat, muscle, and bone minerals. The test gives doctors valuable insights into how your body reacts to diet and exercise. It can also help you monitor your progress and follow an effective program to reach your fitness goals. Vox testing is a way for health professionals to measure bone mineral levels in the body, which may be low if not enough calcium is consumed.

What More Can VOX Testing Do?

In addition, VOX Testing can provide insight into whether someone needs more calcium in their diet or is at risk of developing osteoporosis later in life. In the United States, more than 50% of adults aged 18-50 have a low bone mineral density (BMD), defined as a bone mineral content (BMC) at or below normal limits.

Women are more likely to experience this symptom than men, as they tend to experience natural osteoporosis later in life. This process can be accelerated due to smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and poor nutrition.

As stated earlier, VOX max is an important cardiovascular fitness and aerobic capacity measure. It is the maximum amount of oxygen your body can use during exercise. There are several ways to test your VOX max, such as running on a treadmill, using a stationary bike, or taking a step test.

Each method has advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to understand the different tests available and how they work. In this article, we’ll explore the main ways of testing your VOX max so you can decide which one is right for you.

Manual TestingManual

It is the most popular option and consists of a physician or trained professional using a spirometer to measure a person’s lung capacity. With this method, they can get an accurate reading. The downside of manual testing is that it can be expensive, time-intensive, and inconvenient for most people.

Several false readings can occur when you use manual testing techniques for certain conditions, such as asthma or cystic fibrosis. Pulse TestingThe pulse test uses the person’s pulse rate to calculate their VOX max ( maximum oxygen in the blood). The person’s pulse is continuously measured to create an average.

Remember that this estimate is not always accurate and should be used only as a guide. Several false readings can occur when you use manual testing techniques for certain conditions, such as asthma or cystic fibrosis.

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Pulse Testing

The pulse test uses the person’s pulse rate to calculate their VOX max (maximum oxygen in the blood). The person’s pulse is continuously measured to create an average. Remember that the conversion between blood volume and VOX max can vary based on age, sex, weight, height, and other factors.

The pulse test uses the person’s pulse rate to calculate their VOX max (maximum oxygen in the blood). The person’s pulse is continuously measured to create an average.

Remember that the conversion between blood volume and VOX max can vary based on age, sex, weight, height, and other factors. Maximal Heart Rate (MHR)Maximal heart rate is calculated by subtracting your age from 220. Mean Arterial Blood Pressure (MAP)The mean arterial blood pressure is determined through auscultatory measurement of the radial artery on the wrist. The standard deviation for this measurement is set at 3 mm Hg.

Dangers of Low VOX

Low vox is a popular dieting approach among bodybuilders, but it can come with several risks if not done correctly. In this article, we will explore the dangers of low vox for bodybuilders and how to minimize them.

We will examine the potential health risks associated with low Vox diets and how to use them safely and effectively. Finally, we will discuss the importance of proper nutrition. That includes supplementation for bodybuilders on low-vox diets. Health Risks of Low Vox Bodybuilding DietsLow vox diets are popular for bodybuilders, but they come with several health risks that should be considered. One risk is the potential for malnutrition and even starvation.

A low Vox diet can cause nutritional deficiencies, leading to severe and potentially life-threatening consequences. If you’re following a low Vox diet, taking nutritional supplements frequently, including vitamins and minerals, is essential. It would be best to speak with your doctor before starting a low-vowel diet because there may be health complications involved with following this eating style.

VOXfit: The Most Trusted VOX App for Bodybuilders

VOXfit app is a revolutionary technology gaining traction in athletics and bodybuilding. It is an artificial intelligence-based tool that helps athletes and bodybuilders to optimize their performance by providing personalized insights on their training, nutrition, and recovery.

The use of VOX in athletics and bodybuilding has been proven effective in enhancing an athlete’s performance. VOXfit provides real-time feedback on the athlete’s progress. It also helps them make better training, nutrition, and recovery decisions. Its AI-driven analytics can help athletes achieve their goals faster by providing personalized insights tailored to each individual’s needs.VOX testing is also known for its personalization and customized metrics, which provide a more accurate assessment of the athlete’s performance. The VOX app is available on iOS and Android devices. It has been downloaded over 200,000 times on Google Play Store, and its iOS App Store download count is over 100,000. Voxfit was founded by Adam Coomer in 2015 in Boston, Massachusetts. The technology was originally called "The Athletic Performance Monitor," or APM.

The company later changed the name to VOXfit to better reflect the focus on personalized fitness insights they offer. The company's first product, the VOXfit monitor, is a heart rate monitor with a mobile app. The product was originally released on Kickstarter in 2016. It quickly became the crowdfunding platform's most funded health and fitness project. In May 2018, VOXfit announced that it had raised $22 million in Series B Funding led by Maven Ventures. In 2016 VoxFit introduced its first wireless wearable device called the Fitbit-like VOXheartrate+ Monitor, which can store data from multiple users simultaneously.

Heart Rate Monitoring

VoxFit’s second product release was Heart Rate Variability monitoring. Voxfit's third product release was VOXfit Core which offers users a customized workout program.VOXfit Core is a fitness app that helps users find workouts tailored to their needs.

The app also provides audio guidance for each exercise.VOXfit is selling VOXfit Core as an annual subscription, which gives users unlimited access to the app’s daily workouts and customized training plans for life. In 2017, VoxFit released the VOXheartrate+ Monitor in Canada and The United States. In June 2018, VoxFit released its fourth product: the VOXheartrate+ Monitor V4.VOXfit was founded in 2014 by Alain Delorme, a former professional triathlete from Montreal.

The company's first product release was the VOXheartrate+ Monitor in 2015. VOXfit later released an app for users to design their workouts called VOXworkouts in 2016 and the VOXXtreme workout series in 2017. In 2017, VoxFit released the VOXheartrate+ Monitor V4. It allows users to monitor their heart rate throughout a workout using multiple sensors simultaneously, leading to over 100% growth.


Finding reliable VOX services can be a daunting task. With so many options available, it can be difficult to determine which ones are the best for your needs.

Fortunately, you can do a few things to ensure you get reliable VOX testing services. It includes researching online reviews and testimonials from past customers. Check any service providers' credentials, and ask questions before making any commitments. These steps allow you to find reliable VOX testing services that meet your needs and provide quality results.

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Dwarf Bodybuilders Giving Pros A Run for Their Money





Indeed, no human is limited, and people have gone to great lengths to prove it in every sector. Bodybuilding as a sport is considered reserved for a few people whose bodies are naturally big and strong. But this is not always the case; many people without this natural trait have become enviable bodybuilders. This article will look at dwarf bodybuilders killing it at the gym and giving pros a run for their money.

Anton Kraft

First on our list is this pound-for-pound bodybuilder who boasts of being the only bodybuilder to lift four times his weight. That technically makes him the most muscular man in the world. The 4'4' dwarf hails from Florida and is dating China Bell, a 6'3' model, their physical difference notwithstanding.

Kraft has lifted as many as 36 tons to claim the title of the most muscular man in the world. You might know about Anton Kraft that he s very picky about the kind of women he dates. He has stated that he only dates women at least one foot taller than him. Dwarf bodybuilders are the next big thing in the fitness sector, and Anton is undoubtedly one of the pioneers worth watching out for.

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Pratik Mohite

Prank Mohite, an Indian bodybuilder, holds the record of the shortest competitive bodybuilder in the world. The bodybuilder in his late 20s has won several awards at the district, state, country, and international levels. Mohite is only 4'3' in height and holds the Guinness World Record as the shortest competitive bodybuilder. His young age suggests that he has much more to achieve if he keeps the same momentum.
Unlike many dwarfs, Pratik was born with incredibly short limbs compared to his other body parts. However, this did not blur his vision of becoming one of the most successful bodybuilders in history. However, watching his brother work out motivated him to build his strength as a teenager. He overcame a lot of diss and ridicule from friends and village mates, but that did not stop him from working out to become one of the best in the Indian sub-continent and the world.

Lee Liston

Another incredibly ripped bodybuilder, Lee Liston, gives bodybuilders of tall and average height and dwarf bodybuilders a run for their money. He was also a victim of trolls, but that did not stop him from beating otherwise 'normal' bodybuilders to have enviable muscles. A resident o Utah, Lee did not start working out late and now does six weekly exercises. His love for building muscle is the primary motivation for his gym addiction.

Lee's workout strategies revolve around remaining lean while building muscle. This is something most bodybuilders are struggling with. He has to work harder than everyone else because he also suffers from achondroplasia, a type of dwarfism that affects bones. His short stature means he has to move weights a shorter distance, unlike other bodybuilders.

Tom Agnew

If you were to meet Tom Agnew today, you would be surprised by how ripped and toned the bodybuilder is. He recently stole the show in Auckland, where he made many people with average height question their fitness.
Tom has cited dieting as the most challenging part of bodybuilding. However, he has made great strides in balancing his diet and only taking what their body needs.

The New Zealander is a regular face in local, regional, and international competitions and has won several awards. However, his humility is what many people admire most about the gym rat. Notably, Tom respects everyone in his cycles, thus further endearing him to many gym lovers.

Jeremy Smith

Jeremy's love for bodybuilding started when he was still in high school. He has not looked back since and continues to be a force to reckon with regarding weightlifting. At only 4'5', Jeremy weighs 132 pounds and can lift more weights in proportion to his weight than most bodybuilders. For instance, he can pass nearly 350 pounds, not to mention about 750 squats.

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Sometimes his weights have to be modified to accommodate his size, but that doesn't change the fact that he does more consequences than most pros. This adjustment has been the source of trolling, but he doesn't give them much thought, instead choosing to concentrate on his workouts. His Instagram has more than 70k subscribers, and he often posts motivational and training videos to encourage and entertain his audience. Follow him today and learn what makes him good at what he does.

Jason Owen

Jason Owen is a British bodybuilder with considerable experience in weightlifting. He has had many successes in the field despite his dwarfism. At 4'5', Jason is one of the few dwarf bodybuilders who can lift more than twice their weight. His weightlifting prow has earned him the nickname 'Mini Arnie,' after the legendary actor and weightlifter Arnold Schwarzenneger.
Despite his tight work schedule in Essex and Surrey bars, he still squeezes in two hours daily to work out. He also participates in local and international bodybuilding competitions, where he has won several awards.

Allison Warren

Our list of dwarf bodybuilders could not be complete without a woman giving her counterparts a run for their money. Allison Warrel is a female bodybuilder with several weightlifting titles to her name. Her passion for bodybuilding started when she was still a teenager and with little experience in the fitness corridors. At 3'11 and about 40 pounds overweight, Allison works hard to shed the extra weight and maintain her petite nature.
The 35-year-old California resident is also an actress who wants to keep fit as much as possible. Since she decided to hit the gym, her weight has reduced considerably, and she now feels like she owns her body.


Bodybuilding is a sport and an avenue for keeping fit and living a healthy lifestyle. Importantly, anyone can be a successful bodybuilder despite their shortcomings. All it takes to get there is a strong belief in their abilities and working towards achieving their objective. Don't forget to visit our website for motivational articles on bodybuilding and fitness.

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Supplemental Breast Milk for Bodybuilders: The Secret Behind It





Many bodybuilders are increasingly getting obsessed with drinking breast milk. Yes, you read that right. What's the first thing that comes to mind when you notice a grown man or woman taking breast milk meant for babies? Well, however, yuckish that mind sound, bodybuilders who have discovered its secret don't care about naysayers. Supplemental breast milk comes with many fitness benefits only bodybuilders can explain.

But why human milk? Scientists and fitness experts have been scratching their heads to try and answer this. And although there isn't sufficient data to support breast milk's effectiveness in enhancing muscle growth, users have some positive results. In this article, we will try to find out the possible reasons bodybuilders have resorted to taking breast milk as a supplement.

What Science Says

It is important to note that breast milk is the most complex, nutrient-rich food for babies for all mammals. Babies derive many benefits from breast milk, including immune-boosting sugars and development nutrients. No wonder every bodybuilder wants a piece of this magical natural product to have the edge over their opponent. Breast milk has no side effects, unlike other synthetic products bodybuilders use as supplements.

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The formula has been known to promote development in bodybuilders, just like it does babies. Bodybuilders will go to any length to build muscle and strength. There is a notion that bodybuilders are selective about the kinds of foods they take, and it is for the right reasons. It is not every meal you take that helps you to achieve your fitness goals. Importantly, bodybuilders must watch out for their diet lest they consume something that reaches the opposite of what they want as far as fitness is concerned.

Benefits of Supplemental Breast Milk to A Bodybuilder

There is a significant amount of protein in breast milk. It is one of the best sources of protein for athletes and bodybuilders. Bodybuilders take breast milk because it increases muscle growth, helps with recovery, and contains a lot of protein. Breast milk comprises between 50 and 60 percent water, 25 to 35 percent carbohydrates, and 10 to 15 percent protein.

It also contains fat, which is mainly in the form of triglycerides (which are a type of fat). It has plenty of vitamins and minerals that are important for bodybuilders. Breast milk also has immune-boosting properties that help fight bacteria and pathogens in the human body. While it is not as easy as a shake, breast milk can be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 72 hours.

It is a good idea to store it if you are on vacation and need to keep fit. The B vitamin, niacin, is also in breast milk. It helps absorb other B vitamins in the body, and it helps fight off infections. The amount of protein in this milk is a significant part of what makes it a valuable source for bodybuilders. The amount of protein in breast milk is also essential to bodybuilders because they need a lot of protein in their diets.

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Preparing Supplemental Breast Milk At Home

If you're going to prepare breast milk at home, then it is much easier than buying it from the store. To make a protein shake, mix 10-12 ounces (3/4 to 1 cup) of breast milk in one blender container with 15-20 ice cubes. Add 1/2 teaspoon of vanilla extract and 6-8 ounces of your favorite fruit juice (fruit or vegetable). Blend until smooth. You can also replace the fruit juice with water or soy milk, but you lose the nutritional benefits that come with breast milk.

Oprah Winfrey's Take on Supplemental breast milk

Oprah Winfrey famously drinks a cup of breast milk daily, claiming it helps her sleep better and improves her skin. Some say that eating foods from animal sources such as meat, dairy, and eggs is bad for you because they contain cholesterol, saturated fats, and high omega-6 fatty acids. However, it is no secret that these products are, in fact, quite nutritious and healthy for the bodybuilder. When switching to a vegan diet to lose fat or enhance physical performance, athletes must carefully consider their intake of vitamins A, D, B12, and C.

Breast Milk Vs. Regular Supplements

Regular supplements are often extracted, purified, and concentrated on offering a high dosage of their key ingredient. The downside of this is that they don't always provide the benefits associated with the original food. As an example, red wine contains antioxidants known to promote heart health. However, most red wine supplements are synthetic and have such a low concentration of these antioxidants that you need to drink about ten bottles for the same effect as one bottle of regular red wine.

When combining multiple supplements, it's essential to consider that many of these substances have different effects (see the "When You Shouldn't Take It" section below). Certain supplements may also interfere with each other. For example, some people find that they can exercise better when taking creatine along with the amino acid L-arginine. However, others find that this combination causes a headache. In general, it would be best not to accept these two supplements.

The Downside of Regular Supplements

Supplements are a great way to help bodybuilders reach their goals. However, there are some disadvantages to some supplements for bodybuilders. For example, there could be side effects from using these supplements. It is essential to research what the side effects might be before starting a supplement. It is not always necessary to use supplements to get the nutrients you need in your diet. Eating at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily will get all the vitamins and minerals your body needs.

Some supplements may be necessary for bodybuilders, others could improve their performance, and others are just for fun. Some joint supplements for bodybuilders include creatine, protein powders and bars, glutamine, BCAA's or leucine-enrichened proteins/whey products, multivitamins, and supplements for testosterone.

The main disadvantage of supplements is that they may contain harmful ingredients or too much of a particular nutrient. For example, creatine has been shown to cause liver damage in doses higher than the recommended daily allowance, so it is best to use it only when necessary. Other side effects could be allergic reactions or infections from bacteria found in supplements. Researching the potential side effects before taking any supplement is a good idea if you are going to use the supplement.

Breast Milk in The Black Market

Supplemental breast milk is sold for $1.50 per ounce, a popular item on the black market. Breast milk in the black market is a relatively new phenomenon. It started with the rise of the internet and social media, which made it easier for mothers to connect.

It's a booming business that has been fueled by increasing demand from parents who are unable to breastfeed their children or by those who want to try out breastfeeding before they commit to it ." Due to the high demand, breast milk is now being sold in online marketplaces and real-life stores," says Caroline Dyas, Senior Lecturer of Sociology at Goldsmiths College. "From a sociological perspective, there are many reasons why people buy or sell breast milk.
"Breastfeeding rates worldwide have been steadily increasing as more mothers choose not to use formula because they believe it has adverse health effects.

Formula companies have responded by creating products that mimic the effects of breast milk, and as a result, demand for human milk has increased. The trade-in breast milk is also driven by the rise of "natural parenting" – a movement emphasizing breastfeeding over formula feeding. These mothers believe professional support and resources are insufficient to enable parents to breastfeed their children exclusively. "Women who want to get into the business often have difficulty finding lactating donors," explains Dyas. "As a result, it's straightforward for these.

Is Breast Milk Legal?

In the United States, buying or selling human breast milk is illegal, but providing breast milk for free is not unlawful. Women can be paid by companies that make formulas and baby food in exchange for their donated breast milk. Organizations like the Human Milk Banking Association of North America and Mothers' Milk Bank of North Dakota have helped establish banks around the US where women can donate their excess breast milk without penalty.
Breast milk is often donated for research in Japan because it is considered a superfood. To prevent breast milk from being in short supply, many women are attempting to donate their milk. This has created a market for human milk and its derivatives, such as infant formula, developed or improved over time by companies such as Nestle and Mead Johnson.


Breast milk is an excellent source of nutrients and is much better for bodybuilders than cow's milk. The advantages of breast milk to bodybuilders are many. Breast milk contains the perfect balance of protein, fat, and carbohydrates, making it an excellent post-workout drink. It also has all the essential vitamins and minerals that your body needs to recover from a strenuous workout.

Supplemental breast milk is not just for kids. The protein in breast milk can help build muscles in adults too. Although there are other ways to get protein, it's still a good option for lactose-intolerant bodybuilders or those who don't like meat products. It is not uncommon for people to have intestinal issues when they eat meat. They may also think it's easier to avoid meat altogether and give their bodies a break from saturated fat. With this in mind, breast milk has a much lower impact on the body and often includes less saturated fat than meats.

A theory exists that consuming these foods may allow the body to produce more human growth hormone (HGH), thereby increasing muscle and lean body mass in the short term. There is no scientific evidence to support this claim, however.

Also Read:: Are HMB Supplements Better than Steroids? – Research Review

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