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Steroids & Sports

How Many Players Use Steroids in Baseball?

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       Steroids are a huge class of chemicals that are bioactive in nature causing scandals in the baseball. A number of players found to involve in the alleged usage of these chemicals to enhance their performance. There are certain sources that claim that players have been involved in using these chemicals since 1960.

Composition of Steroids:  

       Steroids constitute a fused 4 ring, and 17 carbon structures from cholesterol. These steroids offer a range of functions like estrogenic (feminizing), androgenic (masculinizing), as well as anti-inflammatory properties, etc. In the world of sports, the most significant controversies had been related to the anabolic steroids i.e. muscle building steroids.

        These steroids have been banned in most of the sports including baseball as illegal drugs enhancing the performance of the players. Whenever steroids mentioned without any qualification with reference to the sports they refer to as anabolic steroids.

Steroids Era:

Steroids Era

          It refers to the time period in the Major baseball leagues were a number of players that use these performance-enhancing drugs. It led these users to an enhanced offensive output throughout their game. Though the steroid usage banned since 1991, however, the baseball leagues did not implement the PED testing until 2003. The lack of testing clearly means that very fewer chances of the players to be caught.

          The agreement with the league players called for a random test every year with no punishment for that first year. It decides that if 5% of the players would be found in using these steroids then the testing would be made tougher. On the other hand, if this number turned out to less than 2.5% then the testing procedure would be dropped.

Steroids Usage Scandal:

          The issue of using steroids was highlighted during the early 2000s with the controversy of BALCO. It brought several players in to question including Barry Bonds, Gary Sheffield, and Jason Giambi. In a jury, Giambi admitted that he has been using steroids before contacting BALCO and that he used the steroids offered by BALCO.

           However, Bond and Sheffield denied the steroid usage that Prosecutors claim, they used substances like “the cream”, and “the clear” steroids.Steroids Scandle

Institutionalization of Steroid Usage:

        Baseball instituted the steroid usage for the first time and hence there were several suspensions of Major as well as Minor league players.  The biggest suspension was Rafael Palmeiro who earlier claimed that he had never used steroids.

          The most attention was caught with the book written by Jose Canseco back in 2005 named as Juiced. In this book, he admitted that he along with his teammates such as Palmeiro, Mark McGwire, and Ivan Rodriguez have been using steroids. Many of the players pointed by Canseco were to be steroid users most prominently McGwire who came clean in 2010 and Palmeiro who was found to be negative users of steroids in 2005.

Percentage of Baseball Players Using Steroids:

Percentage of Baseball Players Using Steroids

       It is not possible to exactly know the number of percentage of baseball players using the steroids. Estimates related to steroid usage vary largely. Jose Canseco gave an estimate that almost 85% of the players in the major leagues use steroids. Ken Caminiti estimates 50% of the players using these performance-enhancing drugs.

Do Players Use Steroids?

Do Players Use Steroids

         In addition to using steroids; which players use the bioactive chemicals steroids is yet another concern. Most of the times the focus has been on the strugglers but there have been players including the position and the pitcher players, fringe players and position players. Most of the minor league players that involve in using steroids are the fringe players.

Steroids Case in 2015:

         Another steroids usage case highlighted in 2015. Four pitchers i.e. David Rollins, Arodys Vizcaino, Jenry Mejia, and Ervin Santana suspended for 80 games in a couple of weeks. All of these players founded to be positive for the Stanozolol. It is the same steroid that once claimed champion Ben Johnson used it. He lost his gold medal after that. Looking at its long history, it was a simple product. People were surprised to see why anyone would risk using it when it was certain that it would be detected during a drug test.

         Baseball indeed has a long history of drug usage. Jim Bouton wrote a book with title Ball Four in which he has written about the widespread usage of these bioactive chemicals since 1960.

          To conclude this discussion it states that no doubt steroid usage now banned, players are still using them in a way that they are not caught. Otherwise, the exact number of percentage of players using banned steroids cannot be given. Different studies claim this number to be different as mentioned above as well.

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